Church Fathers: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9: 9.02.03 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 1-7

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Church Fathers: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9: 9.02.03 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 1-7

TOPIC: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9 (Other Topics in this Collection)
SUBJECT: 9.02.03 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 1-7

Other Subjects in this Topic:

The Diatessaron of Tatian (Cont.)

The Text of the Diatessaron.

Section I.

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and God is the Joh_1:1 2, 3 Word. This was in the beginning with God. Everything was by his hand, and Joh_1:2, Joh_1:3 4 without him not even one existing thing was made. In him was life, and the life Joh_1:4 5 is the light of men. And the light shineth in the darkness, and the darkness apprehended it not. Joh_1:5 6 There was in the days of Herod the king a priest whose name was Zacharias, of the family of Abijah; and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name Luk_1:5 1 7 was Elizabeth. And they were both righteous before God, walking in all his com- Luk_1:6 8 mands, and in the uprightness of God without reproach. And they had no son, for Luk_1:7 9 Elizabeth was barren, and they had both advanced in age. And while he discharged Luk_1:8 10 Arabic p. 2 the duties of priest in the order of his service before God, according to the custom of the priesthood it was his turn to burn incense; so he entered the Luk_1:9 11 temple of the Lord. And the whole gathering of the people were praying without at the Luk_1:10 12 time of the incense. And there appeared unto Zacharias the angel of the Lord, stand- Luk_1:11 13 ing at the right of the altar of incense; and Zacharias was troubled when he saw him, Luk_1:12 14 and fear fell upon him. But the angel said unto him, Be not agitated,2 Zacharias, for thy prayer is heard, and thy wife Elizabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shall Luk_1:13 15 call his name John; and thou shalt have joy and gladness, and many shall rejoice Luk_1:14 16 at his birth. And he shall be great before the Lord, and shall not drink wine nor strong drink, and he shall be filled with the Holy Spirit3 while he is in his mother’s Luk_1:15 17 womb. And he shall turn back many of the children of Israel to the Lord their Luk_1:16 18 God. And he shall go before him in the spirit, and in the power of Elijah the prophet, to turn back the heart of the fathers to the sons, and those that obey not to the knowledge4 of the righteous; and to prepare for the Lord a perfect people. Luk_1:17 19 And Zacharias said unto the angel, How shall I know this, since I am an old man Luk_1:18 20 and my wife is advanced in years? And the angel answered and said unto him, I am Gabriel, that standeth before God; and I was sent to speak unto thee, and give Luk_1:19 21 thee tidings of this. Henceforth thou shall be speechless, and shalt not be able to speak until the day in which this shall come to pass, because thou didst not trust Luk_1:20 22 this my word, which shall be accomplished in its time. And the people were standing awaiting Zacharias, and they were perplexed at his delaying in the temple. Luk_1:21 23 Arabic p. 3 And when Zacharias went out, he was not able to speak unto them: so they knew that he had seen in the temple a vision; and he made signs unto them, and Luk_1:22 24 continued dumb. And when the days of his service were completed, he departed to his dwelling. Luk_1:23 25 And after those days Elizabeth his wife conceived; and she hid herself five Luk_1:24 26 months, and said, This hath the Lord done unto me in the days when he looked upon me, to remove my reproach from among men. Luk_1:25 27 And5 in the sixth month Gabriel the angel was sent from God to Galilee6 to a Luk_1:26 28 city called Nazareth, to a virgin given in marriage to a man named Joseph, of the Luk_1:27 29 house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. And the angel entered unto her and said unto her, Peace be unto thee, thou who art filled with grace. Our Lord Luk_1:28 30 is with thee, thou blessed amongst women. And she, when she beheld, was agitated Luk_1:29 31 at his word, and pondered what this salutation could be. And the angel said unto Luk_1:30 32 her, Fear not, Mary, for thou hast found favour with God. Thou shall now con- Luk_1:31 33 ceive, and bear a son, and call his name Jesus. This shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give him the throne of Luk_1:32 34 David his father: and he shall rule over the house of Jacob for ever; and to his Luk_1:33 35 kingdom there shall be no end. Mary said unto the angel, How shall this be to Luk_1:34 36 Arabic p. 4 me when no man hath known me? The angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Spirit will come, and the power of the Most High shall rest upon thee, and therefore shall he that is born of thee be pure, and shall be called the Son Luk_1:35 37 of God. And lo, Elizabeth thy kinswoman, she also hath conceived a son in her old Luk_1:36 38 age; and this is the sixth month with her, her that is called barren. For nothing is Luk_1:37 39 difficult for God. Mary said, Lo, I am the handmaid of the Lord; let it be unto me according unto thy word. And the angel departed from her. Luk_1:38 40 And then Mary arose in those days and went in haste into the hill country,7 to a8 Luk_1:39 41 city of Judah; and entered into the house of Zacharias, and asked for the health of Luk_1:40 42 Elizabeth. And when Elizabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in Luk_1:41 43 her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit; and cried with a loud voice and said unto Mary, Blessed art thou amongst women, and blessed is the Luk_1:42 44 fruit that is in thy womb. Whence have I this privilege, that the mother of my Luk_1:43 45 Lord should come unto me? When the sound of thy salutation reached my ears, Luk_1:44 46 with great joy rejoiced9 the babe in my womb. And blessed is she who believed Luk_1:45 47 that what was spoken to her from the Lord would be fulfilled. And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, Luk_1:46 48 And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour, Luk_1:47 49 Who hath looked upon the low estate of his handmaiden: Lo, henceforth, all generations10 shall pronounce blessing on me. Luk_1:48 50 For11 he hath done great things for me, who is mighty, And holy is his name. Luk_1:49 51 And his mercy embraceth them who fear him, Throughout the ages and the times. Luk_1:50 52 Arabic p. 5 He wrought the victory with his arm, And scattered them that prided themselves in their opinions. Luk_1:51 53 He overthrew them that acted haughtily from their thrones, And raised the lowly. Luk_1:52 54 He satisfied with good things the hungry, And left the rich without anything. Luk_1:53 55 He helped Israel his servant, And remembered his mercy Luk_1:54 56 (According as he spake with our fathers) Unto Abraham and unto his seed for ever. Luk_1:55 57 And Mary abode with Elizabeth about three months, and returned unto her house. Luk_1:56 58, 59 And Elizabeth’s time of delivery was come; and she brought forth a son. And her neighbours and kinsfolk heard that God had multiplied his mercy towards her; Luk_1:57 Luk_1:58 60 and they rejoiced with her. And when12 it was the eighth day, they came to circumcise the child, and called him Zacharias, calling him by the name of his father. Luk_1:59 61 And his mother answered and said unto them, Not so; but he shall be called John. Luk_1:60 62 And they said unto her, There is no man of thy kindred that is called by this name. Luk_1:61 63, 64 And they made signs to his father, saying, How dost thou wish to name him? And he asked for a tablet, and wrote and said, His name is John. And every one won- Luk_1:62 Luk_1:63 65 dered. And immediately his mouth was opened, and his tongue, and he spake and Luk_1:64 66 praised God. And fear fell on all their neighbours: and this was spoken of13 in all Luk_1:65 67 the mountains of Judah. And all who heard pondered in their hearts and said, What shall this child be? And the hand of the Lord was with him. Luk_1:66 68 And Zacharias his father was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied and said, Luk_1:67 69 Blessed is the Lord, the God of Israel, Who hath cared for his people, and wrought for it salvation; Luk_1:68 70 And hath raised for us the horn of salvation Arabic p. 6 In the house of David his servant Luk_1:69 71 (As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets from eternity), Luk_1:70 72 That he might save us from our enemies, And from the hand of all them that hate us. Luk_1:71 73 And he hath performed his mercy towards our fathers, And remembered his holy covenants, Luk_1:72 74 And the oath which he sware unto Abraham our father, Luk_1:73 75 That he would give us deliverance from the hand of our enemies, And without fear we shall14 serve before him Luk_1:74 76 All our days with equity and righteousness. Luk_1:75 77 And as for thee, O child, prophet of the Most High shalt thou be called. Thou shalt go forth before the face of the Lord to prepare his way, Luk_1:76 78 To give the knowledge of salvation15 unto his people, For the forgiveness of their sins, Luk_1:77 79 Through the mercy of16 the compassion of our God, With which he careth for17 us, to appear18 from on high Luk_1:78 80 To give light to them that sit in darkness and under the shadow of death, And to set straight our feet in the way of peace. Luk_1:79 81 And the child grew and became strong in the spirit, and abode in the desert until the time of his appearing unto the children of Israel. Luk_1:80


1 On the margin of the Vatican ms., fol. 1a, are written by a later hand these words, The first of his Gospel. The first of the Evangel (is) the Gospel of Luke followed by the text of the first four verses of Luke, and that in turn by the words, Four complete Gospels, Matthew, and Mark, and Luke, and John. See Ciasca’s Essay, cited above (Introduction, 5), p. 468.

2 This word is constantly recurring: in the sense of fear.

3 Everywhere, except in the introductory notes, the Arabic is the Spirit of Holiness, as in the Arabic versions.

4 See Section 28, 17.

5 The Vat. ms. has over this verse, The second section, from the Gospel of Luke, i. e, as divided in the Syriac and Arabic versions.

6 The Borgian ms. omits to Galilee.

7 Vatican ms., like that described by Gildemeister (see Introduction, 20) has into Galilee, (cf. Section 8, 10).

8 Lit. the, a form due to Syriac influence (cf. Section 2, 12, and passim).

9 The Syriac versions (like the Greek) have the same word here as in Luk_1:41.

10 The Arabic word ordinarily means tribe or nation, but in this work it regularly represents the Syriac word used in the N. T. for generation

11 The Arabic would naturally be rendered, the blessing on me, That; but a number of passages in this work seem to justify the rendering given in the text (cf., e; g., Section 46, 54, and especially Section 15, 40).

12 The text is indistinct in the Vatican ms. The reading seems to be conflate, the doublets being when it was, which is the reading of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, and on.

13 Lit. described (cf. Section 2, 46).

14 Or, should.

15 Here and elsewhere the Arabic translator uses life and live and give life, as in Syriac, for salvation, etc.

16 Borgian ms. has and for of

17 The word used in the Peshitta means visit, either in the sense of caring for or in that of frequenting. See Section 24, 29.

18 So Borgian ms. The Vatican ms. is very indistinct. Lagarde (see Introduction, 13), quoting Guidi, prints Whereby there visiteth us the manifestation from on high. The difference in Arabic is in a single stroke.

Section II.

1 Arabic p. 7 Now1 the birth of Jesus the Messiah was on this wise: In the time when his mother was given in marriage to Joseph, before they came together, Mat_1:18 2 she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. And Joseph her husband was a just man and did not wish to expose her, and he purposed to put her away secretly. Mat_1:19 3 But when he thought of this, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, and said unto him, Joseph, son of David, fear not to take Mary thy wife, for that Mat_1:20 4 which is begotten2 in her is of the Holy Spirit. She shall bear a son, and thou shalt Mat_1:21 5 call his name Jesus, and he shall save3 his people from their sins. And all this was that the saying from the Lord by the prophet might be fulfilled: Mat_1:22 6 Behold, the virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, And they shall call his name Immanuel, Mat_1:23 7 which is, being interpreted, With us is our God. And when Joseph arose from his Mat_1:24 8 sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took his wife; and knew her not until she brought forth her firstborn son. Mat_1:25 9 And in those days there went forth a decree from Augustus Caesar that all the Luk_2:1 10 people of his dominion4 should be enrolled. This first enrolment was5 while Qui- Luk_2:2 11, 12 rinius was governor of Syria. And every man went to be enrolled in his city. And Joseph went up also from Nazareth, a city of Galilee, to Judaea, to the city of David Luk_2:3 13 which is called Bethlehem (for he was of the house of David and of his tribe), with Luk_2:4 14 Arabic p. 8 Mary his betrothed, she being with child, to be enrolled there. And while Luk_2:5 15 she was there the days for her being delivered were accomplished. And she brought forth her firstborn son; and she wrapped him in swaddling cloths and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them where they were staying. Luk_2:6 16 And there were in that region shepherds abiding, keeping their flock in the watch Luk_2:7 17 of the night. And behold, the angel of God came unto them, and the glory of the Luk_2:8 18 Lord shone upon them; and they were greatly terrified. And the angel said unto them, Be not terrified; for I bring you tidings of great joy which shall be to the Luk_2:9 19 whole world; there is born to you this day a Saviour, which is the Lord the Mes- Luk_2:10 20 siah, in the city of David. And this is a sign for you: ye shall find a babe wrapped Luk_2:11 21 in swaddling cloths and laid in a manger. And there appeared with the angels suddenly many heavenly forces praising6 God and saying, Luk_2:12 22 Praise be to God in the highest, And on the earth peace, and good hope to men. Luk_2:13 23 And when the angels departed from them to heaven, the shepherds spake to one another and said, We will go to Bethlehem and see this word which hath been, as Luk_2:14 24 the Lord made known unto us. And they came with haste, and found Mary and Luk_2:15 25 Joseph, and the babe laid in a manger. And when they saw, they reported the word Luk_2:16 26 which was spoken to them about the child. And all that heard wondered at the Luk_2:17 27 description which the shepherds described7 to them. But Mary kept these8sayings Luk_2:18 28 and discriminated9 them in her heart. And those shepherds returned, magnifying and praising God for all that they had seen and heard, according as it was described unto them. Luk_2:19 29 Arabic p. 9 And when eight days were fulfilled that the child should be circumcised, his name was called Jesus, being that by which he was called by the angel before his conception in the womb. Luk_2:20 30 And when the days of their purification according to the law of Moses were Luk_2:21 31 completed, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him before the Lord (as it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male opening the womb shall be called the Luk_2:22 32 holy thing of the Lord), and to give a sacrificial victim as it is said in the law of Luk_2:23 33 the Lord, A pair of doves or two young pigeons. And there was in Jerusalem a man whose name was Simeon; and this man was upright and pious, and expecting Luk_2:24 34 the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Spirit was upon him. And it had been said unto him by the Holy Spirit, that he should not see death till he had seen with Luk_2:25 35 his eyes the Messiah10 of the Lord. And this man came by the Spirit to the temple; and at the time when his parents brought in the child Jesus, that they might Luk_2:26 36 present for him a sacrifice, as it is written in the law, he bare him in his arms and praised God and said, Luk_2:27 37 Now loosest thou the bonds of thy servant, O Lord, in peace,11 According to thy saying; Luk_2:28 38 For mine eye hath witnessed thy mercy, Luk_2:29 39 Which thou hast made ready because of the whole world; Luk_2:30 40 A light for the unveiling12 of the nations, And a glory to thy people Israel. Luk_2:31 41 And Joseph and his mother were marvelling at the things which were being said Luk_2:32 42 concerning him. And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, Behold, he is set for the overthrow and rising of many in Israel; and for a sign of conten- Luk_2:33 43 tion; and a spear13 shall pierce14 through thine own soul; that the thoughts of the Luk_2:34 Luk_2:35 44 Arabic p. 10 hearts of many may be revealed. And Anna the prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher, was also advanced in years (and she dwelt Luk_2:36 45 with her husband seven years from her virginity, and she remained a widow about eighty-four years); and she left not the temple, and served night and day with Luk_2:37 46 fasting and prayer. And she also rose in that hour and thanked the Lord, and she Luk_2:38 47 spake of him with every one who was expecting the deliverance of Jerusalem. And when they had accomplished everything according to what is in the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to Nazareth their city. Luk_2:39


1 This is preceded in Vatican ms. by the genealogy, Mat_1:1-17 (see Introduction, 13), with the marginal note The Beginning of the Gospel of Matthew. (Lagarde op. cit., 1886, p. 154.) The text presents nothing worthy of note in this place except that verse 16, construed in the same principle as the preceding verses, to which, except in the words printed in italics, it is strictly parallel in construction, reads thus: “Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, who of her begat Jesus, the Messiah” (cf. the remarkable reading of Sin. Syriac). As it stands, this is the only possible interpretation of the words, for who is masculine. But a mistake in the gender of a relative pronoun is very common in Arabic among illiterate people, while in Syriac there is, to begin with, no distinction. If then we correct the relative, who of her will become of whom (fem.), and begat will of course be construed as passive. We thus get the text followed in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, the ordinary reading of the Peshitta, of whom was born Jesus.

2 The Arabic might even more naturally be rendered born, thus ,giving us the reading that Isho’dad tells us was that of the Diatessaron (Harris, Fragments, p. 16 f.); but throughout the whole genealogy (see Section 1, 81 ), this word has been used by the Vat. ms. in the sense of begat. Here the Borgian ms. has of her for in her; but Ibn-at-Tayyib in his Commentary discusses why Matthew wrote in and not of.

3 cf. Section 1, 78.

4 The Arabic expression is clearly meant to represent that used in the Peshitta.

5 This is the most natural meaning of the Arabic sentence; which, however, is simply a word-for-word reproduction of the Peshitta.

6 The Arab. represents Syr. idiom.

7 cf. Section 1, 66.

8 Borgian ms. inserts all above the line, after these. The meaning ought then to be, these things, namely, all the sayings.

9 The Arab. might mean set them apart; but the Syriac is against this.

10 Or, anointed.

11 For order cf. in part Sin. Syriac.

12 i.e., becoming manifest.

13 So also in Syriac versions and the quotation of Isho’dad from Ephraem (Harris, Fragments, p. 34), but not the Armenian version.

14 The Arabic sides with the Peshitta and Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, against the remarkable reading of Sin. supported by Isho’dad, as in last note Syriac text, and the Armenian in Hill, p. 336. See now also The Guardian, Dec. 18, 1895.

Section III.

1, 2 And after that,1 the Magi came from the east to Jerusalem, and said, Where is the King of the Jews which was born? We have seen his star in the east, and have Mat_2:1 Mat_2:2 3 come to worship him. And Herod the king heard, and he was troubled, and all Mat_2:3 4 Jerusalem with him. And he gathered all the chief priests and the scribes of the Mat_2:4 5 people, and asked them in what place2 the Messiah should be born. They said, In Bethlehem of Judaea: thus it is written in the prophet, Mat_2:5 6 Thou also, Bethlehem of Judah, Art not contemptible among the kings of Judah: From thee shall go forth a king, And he shall be a shepherd to my people Israel. Mat_2:6 7 Then Herod called the Magi secretly, and inquired of them the time at which Mat_2:7 8 the star appeared to them. And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said unto them, Go and search about the child diligently; and when ye have found him, come and Mat_2:8 9 Arabic p. 11 make known to me, that I also may go and worship him. And they, when they heard the king, departed; and lo, the star which they had seen in the east went before them, until it came and stood above the place where the child Mat_2:9 10, 11 was. And when they beheld the star, they rejoiced with very great joy. And they entered the house and beheld the child with Mary his mother, and fell down worshipping him, and opened their saddle-bags and offered to him offerings, gold and Mat_2:10 Mat_2:11 12 myrrh and frankincense. And they saw in a dream3 that they should not return to Herod, and they travelled by another way in going to their country. Mat_2:12 13 And when they had departed, the angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph, and said unto him, Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I speak to thee; for Herod is determined to seek the child Mat_2:13 14 to slay him. And Joseph arose and took the child and his mother in the night, and Mat_2:14 15 fled into Egypt, and remained in it until the time of the death of Herod: that that might be fulfilled which was said by the Lord in the prophet, which said, From Mat_2:15 16 Egypt did I call my son. And Herod then, when he saw that he was mocked of the Magi, was very angry, and sent and killed all the male children which were in Bethlehem and all its borders, from two years old and under, according to the time Mat_2:16 17 which he had inquired from the Magi. Then was fulfilled the saying in Jeremiah the prophet, which said, Mat_2:17 18 A voice was heard in Ramah, Weeping and much lamentation; Rachel weeping4 for her children, And not willing to be consoled for their loss. Mat_2:18 19 But when Herod the king died, the angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Mat_2:19 20 Arabic p. 12 Joseph in Egypt, and said unto him, Rise and take the child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel; for they have died who sought the child’s life. Mat_2:20 21 And Joseph rose and took the child and his mother, and came to the land Mat_2:21 22 of Israel. But when he heard that Archelaus had become king over Judaea instead of Herod his father, he feared to go thither; and he saw in a dream that he should Mat_2:22 23 go into the land of Galilee, and that he should abide in a city called Nazareth: that the saying in the prophet might be fulfilled, that he should be called a Nazarene. Mat_2:23 24 And the child grew, and became strong in spirit, becoming filled with wisdom; and the grace of God was upon him. Luk_2:40 25 And his kinsfolk5 used to go every year to Jerusalem at the feast of the pass- Luk_2:41 26 over. And when he was twelve years old, they went up according to their custom, Luk_2:42 27 to the feast. And when the days were accomplished, they returned; and the child Luk_2:43 28 Jesus remained in Jerusalem, and Joseph and his mother knew not: and they supposed that he was with the children of their company. And when they had gone one day’s journey, they sought him beside their people and those who knew them, Luk_2:44 29 and they found him not; so they returned to Jerusalem and sought him again. Luk_2:45 30 And after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teach- Luk_2:46 31 ers, hearing them and asking them questions; and all who heard him wondered at Luk_2:47 32 his wisdom and his words. And when they saw him they wondered, and his mother said unto him, My son, why hast thou dealt with us thus? behold, I and thy father Luk_2:48 33 have been seeking for thee with much anxiety. And he said unto them, Why were Luk_2:49 34 ye seeking me? Know6 ye not that I must be in the house of my Father? And they Luk_2:50 35 understood not the word which he spake unto them. And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth; and he was obedient to them: and his mother used to keep all these sayings in her heart. Luk_2:51 36 Arabic p. 13 And Jesus grew in his stature and wisdom, and in grace with God and men. Luk_2:52 37 And in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, when Pontius Pilate was governor in Judaea, and one of the four rulers, Herod, in Galilee; and Philip his brother, one of the four rulers, in Ituraea and in the district of Trachonitis; and Luk_3:1 38 Lysanias, one of the four rulers, in Abilene; in the chief-priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the command7 of God went forth to John the son of Zacharias in the Luk_3:2 39 desert. And he came into all the region which is about Jordan, proclaiming the Luk_3:3 40 baptism of repentance unto8 the forgiveness of sins. And he was preaching in the Mat_3:1 41 wilderness of Judaea, and saying, Repent ye; the kingdom of heaven is come near. Mat_3:2 42 This is he that was spoken of in Isaiah the prophet, The voice which crieth in the desert, Mat_3:3 43 Prepare ye the way of the Lord, And make straight in the plain, paths for our God. Luk_3:4 44 All the valleys shall become filled, And all the mountains and hills shall become low; And the rough shall become plain, And the difficult place, easy; Luk_3:5 45 And all flesh shall see the salvation9 of God. Luk_3:6 46 This man came to bear witness, that he might bear witness to the light, that Joh_1:7 47 every man might believe through his mediation. He was not the light, bat that he Joh_1:8 48 might bear witness to the light, which was the light of truth, that giveth light to Joh_1:9 49 every man coming into the world. He was in the world, and the world was made Joh_1:10 50 by him, and the world knew him not. He came unto his own, and his own received Joh_1:11 51 him not. And those who received him, to them gave he the power10 that they might Joh_1:12 52 be sons of God, - those which believe in his name: which were born, not of blood, Joh_1:13 53 nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of a man, but of God. And the Word became flesh, and took up his abode among us; and we saw his glory as the glory Joh_1:14 54 Arabic p. 14 of the only Son from the Father, which is full of grace and equity.11 John bare witness of him, and cried, and said, This is he that I said cometh after me and Joh_1:15 55 was before me, because he was before me.12 And of his fulness received Joh_1:16 56 we all grace for grace. For the law was given through the mediation of Moses, but truth and grace were13 through Jesus Christ. Joh_1:17


1 On the substitution of this general phrase for Mat_2:1, see the remarks of Harris in Fragments, etc., p. 37 ff.

2 This periphrasis for where is very characteristic of this work.

3 So in later Arabic and some Arabic versions. According to classical usage the word means sleep.

4 Or, is weeping, and so in next line is not willing.

5 A general word cf. Syr. versions.

6 Or, knew.

7 There is a very rare use of this Arabic word in the Hebrew sense of saying.

8 So Vat. ms. The Borgian MS. has with.

9 See note on Section 1, 78.