Church Fathers: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9: 9.02.05 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 15-21

Online Resource Library

Commentary Index | Return to | Download

Church Fathers: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9: 9.02.05 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 15-21

TOPIC: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9 (Other Topics in this Collection)
SUBJECT: 9.02.05 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 15-21

Other Subjects in this Topic:

The Diatessaron of Tatian (Cont.)

The Text of the Diatessaron. (Cont.)

Section XV.

1 Jesus answered and said unto him, Simon, I have something to say unto thee. And Luk_7:40 2 Arabic p. 58 he said unto him, Say on, my Master. Jesus said unto him, There were two debtors to one creditor; and one of them owed five hundred pence, and the other Luk_7:41 3 owed fifty pence. And because they had not wherewith to pay, he forgave Luk_7:42 4 them both. Which of them ought to love him more? Simon answered and said, I suppose, he to whom he forgave most. Jesus said unto him, Thou hast judged rightly. Luk_7:43 5 And he turned to that woman, and said to Simon, Dost thou see this woman? I entered into thy dwelling, and thou gavest me not water to wash my feet: but this Luk_7:44 6 woman hath bathed1 my feet with her tears, and dried them with her hair. And thou kissedst me not: but this woman, since she2 entered, hath not ceased to kiss my Luk_7:45 7 feet. And thou anointedst not my head with oil:3 but this woman hath anointed Luk_7:46 8 my feet with sweet ointment.3 And for this, I say unto thee, Her many sins are forgiven her, because she loved much; for he to whom little is forgiven loveth little. Luk_7:47 9, 10 And he said unto that woman, Thy sins are forgiven thee. And those that were in- Luk_7:48 Luk_7:49 11 vited began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also? And Jesus said to that woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace. Luk_7:50 12 And many believed in him when they saw the signs which he was doing. Joh_2:23 13, 14 But Jesus did not trust4 himself to them, for he knew every man, and he needed not any man to testify to him concerning every man; for he knew what was in man. Joh_2:24 Joh_2:25 15 And after that, Jesus set apart from his disciples other seventy, and sent them two and two before his face to every region and city whither he was purposing to Luk_10:1 16 go. And he said unto them, The harvest is abundant, and the labourers are few: Luk_10:2 17 entreat now the Lord of the harvest, that he send forth labourers into his harvest. Go Luk_10:3 18 Arabic p. 59 ye: and lo, I am sending you as lambs among wolves. Take not with you Luk_10:4 19 purses, nor a wallet, nor shoes; neither salute any man in the way. And Luk_10:5 20 whatsoever house ye enter, first salute that house: and if there be there a son of peace, Luk_10:6 21 let your peace rest upon him; but if there be not, your peace shall return to you. And be ye in that house eating and drinking what they have:5 for the labourer is worthy of Luk_10:7 22 his hire. And remove not from house to house. And into whatsoever city ye enter, Luk_10:8 23 and they receive you, eat what is presented to you: and heal the sick that are Luk_10:9 24 therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of God is come near unto you. But whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not, go out into the market, and say, Luk_10:10 25 Even the dust that clave to our feet from your city, we shake off against you; but Luk_10:11 26 know6 this,7 that the kingdom of God is come near unto you. I say unto you, that for Sodom there shall be quiet in the day of judgement, but there shall not be for Luk_10:12 27 that city. Then began Jesus to rebuke the cities in which there had been many Mat_11:20 28 mighty works,8 and they repented not. And he said, Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! if there had been in Tyre and Sidon the signs which were in Mat_11:21 29 thee, it may be that they would have repented in sackcloth and ashes. Howbeit I say unto you, that for Tyre and Sidon there shall be rest in the day of judgement, Mat_11:22 30 more than for you. And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt sink down unto Hades; for if there had been in Sodom the wonders9 which were Mat_11:23 31 in thee, it would have remained until this day. And now I say unto thee, that for the land of Sodom there shall be quiet in the day of judgement, more than for thee. Mat_11:24 32 Arabic p. 60 And he said again unto his apostles, Whosoever heareth you heareth me; and whosoever heareth me heareth him that sent me: and whosoever wrongeth10 you wrongeth me; and whosoever wrongeth me wrongeth him that sent me. Luk_10:16 33 And those seventy returned with great joy, and said unto him, Our Lord, even Luk_10:17 34 the devils also are subject unto us in thy name. He said unto them, I beheld Luk_10:18 35 Satan11 fallen like lightning from heaven. Behold, I am giving you authority to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and the whole race12 of the enemy; and nothing shall Luk_10:19 36 hurt you. Only ye must not rejoice that the devils are subject unto you; but be glad that your names are written in heaven. Luk_10:20 37 And in that hour Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit, and said, I acknowledge thee, my Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou didst hide these things from the wise and understanding, and didst reveal them unto children: yea, my Father; so Luk_10:21 38 was thy will. And he turned to his disciples,13 and said unto them, Everything hath been delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, save the Father; and who the Father is, save the Son, and to whomsoever the Son willeth Luk_10:22 39 to reveal him. Come unto me, all of you, ye that are wearied and bearers of bur- Mat_11:28 40 dens, and I will give you rest. Bear my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for14 I Mat_11:29 41 am gentle and lowly in my heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is pleasant, and my burden is light. Mat_11:30 42 And while great multitudes were going with him, he turned, and said unto them, Luk_14:25 43 Whosoever cometh unto me, and hateth not his father, and his mother, and his brethren, and his sisters, and his wife, and his children, and himself15 also, cannot Luk_14:26 44 be a disciple to me. And whosoever doth not take his cross, and follow Luk_14:27 45 Arabic p. 61 me, cannot be a disciple to me. Which of you desireth to build a tower, and doth not sit down first and reckon his expenses and whether he hath enough to Luk_14:28 46 complete it?16 lest when he hath laid the foundations, and is not able to finish, all that Luk_14:29 47 behold him17 laugh at him, and say, This man began to build, and was not able to Luk_14:30 48 finish. Or what king goeth to the battle to fight with another king,18 and doth not consider first whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh to him Luk_14:31 49 with twenty thousand? And if he is not able, he sendeth unto him while he is afar Luk_24:32 50 off, and seeketh peace. So shall19 every man of you consider, that desireth to be a disciple to me; for if he renounceth not all that he hath, he cannot be a disciple to me. Luk_14:33


1 Lit. sunk, a word the choice of which is explained by the Syriac.

2 Or, I.

3 Same word in Arabic.

4 The meaning is not apparent.

5 cf. Syriac versions.

6 The first letter of the word has been lost.

7 Lit. that, as often in this work.

8 Lit. powers.

9 The word as printed by Ciasca perhaps means gifts, but by dropping a point from the second letter we gee the postclassical word given In the text above.

10 See Section 20, 2811.

11 The word translated devil in preceding verse.

12 This is an Arabic clerical error for forces. The Syriac word for power means also military forces, which was apparently rendered in Arabic army, a word thee differs from race only in diacritical points.

13 cf. Pesh. and A. V. margin.

14 Lit. that cf. above, Section 1, 5011.

15 Or, his life; or, his soul.

16 The rendering assumes that tower is treated as feminine.

17 Or, it.

18 Or, a king like him.

19 Or, let.

Section XVI.

1 Then answered certain of the scribes and Pharisees, that they might tempt him, Mat_12:38 2 and said, Teacher, we desire to see a sign from thee. He answered and said, This evil and adulterous generation1 seeketh a sign; and it shall not be given a sign, Mat_12:39 3 except the sign of Jonah the prophet. And as Jonah was a sign to the inhabitants Luk_11:30 4 of Nineveh, so shall the Son of man also be to this generation. And as Jonah was in the belly of the great fish three days and three nights, so shall the Son of man Mat_12:40 5 be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. The queen of the south shall rise in the judgement with the people of this generation, and condemn2 them: for she came from the ends of the earth that she might hear the wisdom of Solomon; Luk_11:31 6 Arabic p. 62 and behold, here is a better than Solomon. The men of Nineveh shall stand in the judgement with this generation, and condemn it: for they repented at Mat_12:41 7 the preaching of Jonah; and behold, here is a greater than Jonah. The unclean spirit, when he goeth out of the man, departeth, and goeth about through places wherein are no waters, that he may find rest for himself; and when he findeth it not, he Luk_11:24 8 saith, I will return to my house whence I came out. And if he come and find it Luk_11:25 9 adorned and set in order, then he goeth, and associateth with himself seven other spirits worse than himself; and they enter and dwell in it: and the end of that man Luk_11:26 10 shall be worse than his beginning. Thus shall it be unto this evil generation. Mat_12:45 11 And while he was saying that, a woman from the multitude lifted up her voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the breasts that nursed Luk_11:27 12 thee. But he said unto her, Blessed is he that heareth the word of God, and keepeth it. Luk_11:28 13 And while he was speaking unto the multitude, there came unto him his mother Mat_12:46 Luk_8:19 14 and his brethren, and sought to speak with him; and they were not able, because of Mat_12:46 15 the multitude; and they stood without and sent, calling him unto them. A man said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren are standing without, and seek to Luk_8:19 Mar_3:31 Mat_12:47 16 speak with thee. But he answered unto him that spake unto him, Who is my Mat_12:48 17 mother? and who are my brethren? And he beckoned with his hand, stretching it out towards his disciples, and said, Behold, my mother! and behold, my brethren! Mat_12:49 18 And every man that shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven is my brother, and my sister, and my mother. Mat_12:50 19 And after that, Jesus was going about in the cities and in the villages, and proclaiming and preaching the kingdom of God, and his3 twelve with him, Luk_8:1 20 Arabic p. 63 and the women which had been healed of diseases and of evil spirits, Mary Luk_8:2 21 that was called Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven devils, and Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others, who were ministering to them of their substance. Luk_8:3 22 And after that, Jesus went out of the house, and sat on the sea shore. And there Mat_13:1 Mat_13:2 23 gathered unto him great multitudes. And when the press of the people was great upon him, he went up and sat in the boat; and all the multitude was standing on the 24 shore of the sea. And he spake to them much in parables, and said, The sower Mat_13:3 25 went forth to sow: and when he sowed, some fell on the beaten highway; and it was Mat_13:4 Luk_8:5 26 trodden upon, and the birds ate it. And other fell on the rocks: and some, where there was not much earth; and straightway it sprang up, because it had no depth in Mat_13:5 27 the earth: and when the sun rose, it withered; and because it had no root, it dried Mat_13:6 28 up. And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it; Luk_8:7 29 and it yielded no fruit. And other fell into excellent and good4 ground; and it came up, and grew, and brought forth fruit, some thirty, and some sixty, and some Mar_4:7 Luk_8:8 Mar_4:8 30 a hundred. And when he said that, he cried, He that hath ears that hear, let him Luk_8:8 31 Arabic p. 64 hear. And when they were alone, his disciples came, and asked him, and said unto Mar_4:10 5 32 him, What is this parable? and why spakest thou unto them in parables? He answered and said unto them, Unto you is given the knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of God; but it is not given unto them that are Mar_4:11 6 33 without. He that hath shall be given unto, and there shall be added; and he that Mat_13:12 34 hath not, that which he hath shah be taken from him also. For this cause therefore I speak unto them in parables; because they see, and see not; and hear, and hear Mat_13:13 35 not, nor understand. And in them is being fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah, who said, Hearing they shall hear, and shall not understand; And seeing they shall see, and shall not perceive: Mat_13:14 36 The heart of this people is waxed gross, And their hearing with their ears is become heavy, And they have closed their eyes; Lest they should see with their eyes, And hear with their ears, And understand with their hearts, And should return, And I should heal them. Mat_13:15 37, 38 But ye, blessed are your eyes, which see; and your ears, which hear. Blessed Mat_13:16 Luk_10:23 39 are the eyes which see what ye see. Verily I say unto you, Many of the prophets and the righteous longed to see what ye see, and saw not; and to hear what ye Mat_13:17 40 hear, and heard not. When ye know not this parable, how shall ye know all para- Mar_4:13 41, 42 bles? Hear ye the parable of the sower. The sower which sowed, sowed the word Mat_13:18 Mar_4:14 43 of God. Every one who heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, the evil one cometh and snatcheth away the word that hath been sown in his Mat_13:19 44 heart: and this is that which was sown on the middle of the highway. But that which was sown on the rocks is he that heareth the word, and straightway receiveth Mat_13:20 45, 46 Arabic p. 65 it with joy; only, it hath no root in his soul, but his belief in it is for a time; and whenever there is distress or persecution because of a7 word, he Mat_13:21 Luk_8:13 Mat_13:21 47 stumbleth8 quickly. And that which was sown among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the error of riches, and the rest of the Mat_13:22 Mar_4:19 48 other lusts enter, and choke the word, and it becometh without fruit. And that which was sown in good ground is he that heareth my word in a pure and good heart, and understandeth it, and holdeth to it, and bringeth forth fruit with patience, and produceth either a hundredfold or sixtyfold or thirty. Luk_8:15 Mat_13:23 49 And he said, So is the kingdom of God, like a man who casteth seed into the Mar_4:26 50 earth, and sleepeth and riseth by night and day, and the seed groweth and cometh Mar_4:27 51 up, whence9 he knoweth not. And the earth bringeth it to the fruit; and first it Mar_4:28 52 will be blade, and after it ear, and at last perfect wheat in the ear: and whenever the fruit ripeneth,10 he bringeth immediately the sickle, for the harvest hath come. Mar_4:29


1 See Section 1, 4910.

2 See note to Section 10, 13 3.

3 The Arabic printed text gives not sense. A simple change in the diacritical points of one letter gives the reading of the Syriac versions, which is adopted here.

4 cf. Peshitta against Cur. and Sin.

5 With additions from Mat_13:10, and Luk_8:9.

6 And Mat_13:11

7 See Section 1, 408.

8 Or, is seduced, cf. Section 25, 175.

9 Or, while.

10 Lit. fatteneth, as in Peshitta.

Section XVII.

1 And he set forth to them another parable, and said, The kingdom of heaven is Mat_13:24 2 like a man who sowed good seed in his field; but when men slept, his enemy came Mat_13:25 3 and sowed tares among the wheat, and went away. And when the blade sprang up Mat_13:26 4 and brought forth fruit, there were noticed the tares also. And the servants of the master of the house came, and said unto him, Our lord, didst thou not sow good Mat_13:27 5 Arabic p. 66 seed in thy field? whence are there tares in it? He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. His servants said unto him, Wilt thou that we go Mat_13:28 6 and separate it? He said unto them, Perhaps,1 when ye separate the tares, ye would Mat_13:29 7 root up with them wheat also. Leave them to grow both together until the harvest: and in the time of the harvest I will say unto the reapers, Separate the tares first, and bind them in bundles to be burned with fire; and gather the wheat into my barns. Mat_13:30 8, 9 And he set forth to them another parable, and said, To what is the kingdom of Mat_13:31 Luk_13:18 10 God like? and to what shall I liken it? and in what parable shall I set it forth? It Mar_4:30 Luk_13:19 11 is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and planted in his field: and of the number of the things that are sown in the earth it is smaller than all of the things Mat_13:31 Mar_4:31 12 which are sown, which are upon the earth; but when it is grown, it is greater than all the herbs, and produceth large branches, so that the birds of heaven make their nests in its branches. Mat_13:32 Mar_4:32 13, 14 And he set forth to them another parable: To what shall I liken the kingdom of Mar_4:33 2 Luk_13:20 15 God? It is like the leaven which a woman took, and kneaded into three measures of flour, until the whole of it was leavened. Mat_13:33 16 And Jesus spake all that to the multitudes by way of parables, according as they Mat_13:34 Mar_4:33 17 were able to hear. And without parables spake he not unto them; that the saying of the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled: I will open my mouth in parables; And I will utter secrets which were before the foundations3 of the world. Mat_13:34 Mat_13:35 18 But he explained to his disciples privately everything. Mar_4:34 19 Arabic p. 67 Then Jesus left4 the multitudes, and came to the house. And his disciples came unto him, and said unto him, Explain unto us that parable about the tares Mat_13:36 20 and the field. He answered and said unto them, He that sowed good seed is Mat_13:37 21 the Son of man; and the field is the world; and the good seed are the children of the Mat_13:38 22 kingdom; and the tares are the children of the evil one; and the enemy that sowed them5 is Satan; and the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. Mat_13:39 23 And as the tares are separated and burned in the fire, so shall it be in the end of Mat_13:40 24 this world. The Son of man shall send his angels, and separate from his kingdom Mat_13:41 25 all things that injure, and all the doers of iniquity, and they shall cast them into the Mat_13:42 26 furnace of fire: and there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous shall shine as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whosoever hath ears that hear, let him hear. Mat_13:43 27 And again the kingdom of heaven is like treasure hid in a field: that which a man found and hid; and, for his pleasure in it, went and sold all that he had, and bought that field. Mat_13:34 28 And again the kingdom of heaven is like a man that is a merchant seeking ex- Mat_13:45 29 cellent pearls; and when he found one pearl of great price, he went and sold everything that he had, and bought it. Mat_13:46 30 And again the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was cast6 into the sea, and Mat_13:47 31 gathered of every kind: and when it was filled, they drew it up on to the shore of the sea, and sat down to select; and the good of them they threw into the vessels, Mat_13:48 32 and the bad they threw outside. Thus shall it be in the end of the world: the angels Mat_13:49 33 shall go forth, and separate the wicked from among the good, and shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Mat_13:50 34 Jesus said unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They said unto Mat_13:51 35 Arabic p. 68 him, Yea, our Lord. He said unto them, Therefore every scribe that becometh a disciple of the kingdom of heaven is like a man that is a householder, who bringeth out of his treasures the new and the old. Mat_13:52 36, 37 And when Jesus had finished all these parables, he removed thence, and came to his city; and he taught them in their synagogues, so that they were perplexed. Mat_13:53 Mat_13:54 38 And when the sabbath came, Jesus began to teach in the synagogue; and many of Mar_6:2 39 those that heard marvelled, and said, Whence came these things to this man? And many envied him and gave no heed to him, but said, What is this wisdom that is given to this man, that there should happen at his hands such as these mighty works?7 40 Is not this a carpenter, son of a carpenter? and is not his mother called Mary? and Mat_13:55 41 his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas? And his sisters, all of them, Mat_13:56 42 lo, are they not all with us? Whence hath this man all these things? And they were in doubt concerning him. And Jesus knew their opinion, and said unto them, Will ye haply”8 say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal first thyself: and all that Mat_13:57 Luk_4:23 43 we have heard that thou didst in Capernaum, do here also in thine own city? And he said, Verily I say unto you, A prophet is not received in his own city, nor among Luk_4:24 44 his brethren: for a prophet is not despised, save in his own city, and among his own Mar_6:4 45 kin, and in his own house. Verily I say unto you, In the days of Elijah the prophet, there were many widows among the children of Israel, when the heaven held back Luk_4:25 46 Arabic p. 69 three years and six months, and there was a great famine in all the land; and Elijah was not sent to one of them, save to Zarephath of Sidon, to a woman that was Luk_4:26 47 a widow. And many lepers were among the children of Israel in the days of Elisha the prophet; but not one of them was cleansed, save Naaman the Nabathaean.9 Luk_4:27 48 And he was not able to do there many mighty works,10 because of their unbelief; Mar_6:5 49 except that he laid his hand upon a few of the sick, and healed them. And he mar- Mar_6:6 50 velled at their lack of faith. And when those who were in the synagogue heard, Luk_4:28 51 they were all filled with wrath; and they rose up, and brought him forth outside the city, and brought him to the brow of the hill upon which their city was built, that Luk_4:29 52 they might cast him from its summit: but he passed through among them and went away. Luk_4:30 53 And he went about in the villages which were around Nazareth, and taught in their synagogues. Mar_6:6


1 See Section 4, 249.

2 Or rather Mat_13:33.

3 The word if not a corruption of that used in the British Museum text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, and in Section 43, 46, where, however, according to Ciasca’s foot-note, it was not the word first written by the scribe is Syriac. Perhaps it means the ends of the earth see P. Smith, Thes. Syr.. Still a third word is used in Section 47, 42.

4 cf. Section 11, 326.

5 Singular.

6 cf. note to Section 10, 82.

7 Lit. powers

8 cf. above, Section 4, 249.

9 Of the Syriac versions Cur. and Sin. are wanting. Pesh. has Aramaean.

10 Lit. powers.

Section XVIII.

1 At that time Herod the tetrarch heard of the fame of Jesus, and all the things which came to pass at his hand; and he marvelled, for he had obtained excellent Luk_9:8 Mar_6:15 Mar_6:16 2 information concerning him.1 And some men said that John the Baptist was risen Luk_9:7 3 from among the dead; and2 others said that Elijah had appeared; and others, Jere- Luk_9:8 Mat_16:14 4 miah; and others, that a prophet of the old prophets was risen; and others said that he Luk_9:8 Mar_6:15 5 was a prophet like one of the prophets. Herod said to his servants, This is John the Baptist, he whom I beheaded; he is risen from among the dead: therefore mighty Mar_6:16 Mat_14:2 6 Arabic p. 70 works result from him. For Herod himself had sent and taken John, and cast him into prison, for the sake of Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, whom he Mar_6:17 7 had taken. And John said to Herod, Thou hast no authority to take the wife of thy Mar_6:18 8 brother. And Herodias avoided him and wished to kill him; and she could not. Mar_6:19 9 But Herod feared John, for he knew that he was a righteous man and a holy; and Mar_6:20 10 he guarded him, and heard him much, and did, and obeyed him with gladness. And he wished to kill him; but he feared the people, for they adhered to him as the Mat_14:5 11 prophet. And there was a celebrated day, and Herod had made a feast for his great men on the day of his anniversary,3 and for the officers and for the chief men Mar_6:21 12 of Galilee. And the daughter of Herodias came in and danced in the midst of the company, and pleased Herod and those that sat with him. And the king said to the Mar_6:22 13 damsel, Ask of me what thou wilt, and I will give it thee. And he sware unto her, Mar_6:23 14 Whatsoever thou shalt ask, I will give it thee, to the half of my kingdom. And she went out, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask him?4 She said unto her, The Mar_6:24 15 head of John the Baptist. And immediately she came in hastily to the king, and said unto him, I desire in this hour that thou give me on a dish the head of John Mar_6:25 16 the Baptist. And the king was exceeding sorry; but because of the oath and the Mar_6:26 17 guests he did not wish to refuse her. But immediately the king sent an executioner, and commanded that he should bring the head of John: and he went and cut off Mar_6:27 18 the head of John in the prison, and brought it on a dish, and delivered it to the Mar_6:28 19 Arabic p. 71 damsel; and the damsel gave it to her mother. And his disciples heard, and came and took his body, and buffed it. And they came and told5 Jesus what Mat_6:29 Mat_14:12 20 had happened. And for this cause Herod said, I beheaded John: who Luk_9:9 21 is this, of whom I hear these things. And he desired to see him. And Jesus, when he heard, removed thence in a boat to a waste place alone, to the other side of the sea of the Galilee of Tiberias.6 Mat_14:13