And when Jesus came to a certain village, there drew near to him a leper, and fell at his feet, and besought him, and said unto him, If thou wilt, thou art able to
cleanse me. And Jesus had mercy upon him, and stretched forth his hand, and
touched him, and said, I will cleanse1 thee. And immediately his leprosy departed
from him, and he was cleansed. And he sternly charged him, and sent him out,
Arabic p. 85 and said unto him, See that thou tell not any man: but go and shew thy- self to the priests, and offer an offering for thy cleansing as Moses com-
manded for their testimony. But he, when he went out, began to publish much, and spread abroad the news, so that Jesus could not enter into any of the cities openly, for the extent to which the report of him spread, but he remained without in a des-
ert place. And much people came unto him from one place and another,2 to hear
his word, and that they might be healed of their pains. And he used to withdraw from them into the desert, and pray.
And after that, was the feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
And there was in Jerusalem a place prepared for bathing,3 which was called in
Hebrew the House of Mercy, having five porches. And there were laid in them much people of the sick, and blind, and lame, and paralysed, waiting for the mov-
ing of the water. And the angel from time to time went down into the place of bathing,3 and moved the water; and the first that went down after the moving of
the water, every pain that he had was healed. And a man was there who had a
disease for thirty-eight years. And Jesus saw this man laid, and knew4 that he had
been thus a long time; and he said unto him, Wouldest thou be made whole? That diseased one answered and said, Yea, my Lord, I have no man, when the water moveth, to put me into the bathing-place; but when I come, another goeth down before
me. Jesus said unto him, Rise, take thy bed, and walk And immediately that man was healed; and he rose, and carried his bed, and walked.
And that day was a sabbath. And when the Jews saw that healed one, they5 said
unto him, It is a sabbath: thou hast no authority to carry thy bed. And he answered and said unto them, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take thy bed,
Arabic p. 86 and walk They asked him therefore, Who is this man that said unto thee,
Take thy bed, and walk? But he that was healed knew not who it was; for Jesus had removed from that place to another, because of the press of the great mul-
titude which was in that place. And after two days Jesus happened upon him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art whole: sin not again, lest there come upon
thee what is worse than the first. And that man went, and said to the Jews that it
was Jesus that had healed him. And because of that the Jews persecuted Jesus and
sought to kill him, because he was doing this on the sabbath. And Jesus said unto
them, My Father worketh until now, and I also work. And because of this especially the Jews sought to kill him, not because he profaned the sabbath only; but for his saying also that God was his Father, and his making himself equal with God.
Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son cannot do anything of himself, but what be seeth the Father do; what the Father doeth,
that the Son also doeth like him. The Father loveth his Son, and everything that he doeth he sheweth him: and more than these works will he shew him, that ye
may marvel. And as the Father raiseth the dead and giveth them life, so the Son
also giveth life to whomsoever he will. And the Father judgeth no man, but hath
given all judgement unto the Son; that every man may honour the Son, as he honoureth the Father. And he that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which
sent him. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever heareth my word, and believeth in him that sent me, hath eternal life, and cometh not into judgement, but passeth from
Arabic p. 87 death unto life. Verily, verily, I say unto you, An hour shall come, and now is also, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God; and those
which hear shall live. And as the Father hath life in himself,6 likewise he gave to
the Son also that he might have life in himself,6 and authority to do judgement also,
because7 he is the Son of man. Marvel not then at that: I mean the coming of the hour when all that are in the tombs shall hear his voice, and shall come forth:
those that have done good, to the resurrection of life; and those that have done evil deeds, to the resurrection of judgement.
I am not able of myself to do anything; but as I hear, I judge: and my judge-
ment is just; I seek not my own will, but the will of him that sent me. I8 bear wit-
ness of myself, and so a my witness is not true. It is another that beareth witness
of me; and I know that the witness which he beareth of me is true. Ye have sent
unto John, and he hath borne witness of the truth. But not from man do I seek
witness; but I say that ye may live.9 That10 was a lamp which shineth and
giveth light: and ye were pleased to glory now11 in his light. But I have witness greater than that of John: the works which my Father hath given me to accomplish,
those works which I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me. And the Father which sent me, he hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his
voice at any time, nor seen his appearance. And his word abideth not in you; because
in him whom he hath sent ye do not believe. Search the scriptures, in which ye rejoice12
that ye have eternal life; and they bear witness of me; and ye do not wish to come to
Arabic p. 88 me, that ye may have eternal life. I seek not praise of men. But I know
you, that the love of God is not in you. I am come in the name of my Father, and ye received me not; but if another come in his own name, that one will
ye receive. And how can ye believe, while ye receive praise one from another, and
praise from God, the One, ye seek not? Can it be that ye think that I will accuse you before the Father? Ye have one that accuseth you, Moses, in whom ye have
rejoiced.12 If ye believed Moses, ye would believe me also; Moses wrote of me.
And if ye believed not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?
1 Lit. to cleanse.
2 This phrase does not occur in the Syriac versions, Cur. Wanting, but is obviously a Syriac construction.
3 Or, baptism. The phrase almost exactly reproduces the Syriac versions.
4 Or, learned.
5 The Vatican ms. has he.
6 Borgian ms. reads his person.
7 Lit. that; or, Verily.
8 So Ciasca’s Arabic text. Borgian ms. has If I, and instead of and so, etc., simply a witness which is not true, etc.; but its text of the next sentence is quite corrupt.
9 Or, saved.
10 Or, thatman.
11 Were it not also in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary British Museum text we should assume now to be a corruption of an original Arabic reading, for a season cf. Syr.
12 This word often used by our translator means in Syriac transposed believe, think, hope cf. Section 8, 85.
And Jesus departed thence, and came to the side of the sea of Galilee, and went
up into the mountain, and sat there. And there came unto him great multitudes, having with them lame, and blind, and dumb, and maimed, and many others, and
they cast them at the feet of Jesus: for they had seen all the signs which he did in
Jerusalem, when they were gathered at the feast. And he healed them all. And those multitudes marvelled when they saw dumb men speak, and maimed men healed, and lame men walk, and blind men see; and they praised the God of Israel.
And Jesus called his disciples, and said unto them, I have compassion on this multitude, because of their continuing with me three days, having nothing to eat; and to send them away fasting I am not willing, lest they faint in the way, some of them hay-
Arabic p. 89 ing come from far. His disciples said unto him, Whence have we in the des-
ert bread wherewith to satisfy all this multitude? Jesus said unto them, How
many loaves have ye? They said unto him, Seven, and a few small fishes. And he
commanded the multitudes to sit down upon the ground; and he took those seven loaves and the fish, and blessed, and brake, and gave to his disciples to set before
them; and the disciples set before the multitudes. And they all ate, and were satisfied: and they took that which remained over of the fragments, seven basketfuls.
And the people that ate were four thousand men, besides the women and children.
And when the multitudes departed, he went up into the boat, and came to the borders of Magada.1
And the Pharisees and Sadducees came to him, and began to seek a discussion with him. And they asked him to shew them a sign from heaven, tempting him.
And Jesus sighed within himself, and said, What sign seeketh this evil and adulterous generation? It seeketh a sign, and it shall not be given a sign, except the sign
of Jonah the prophet. Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not be given a
sign. And he left2 them, and went up into the boat, and went away to that side.
And his disciples forgot to take with them bread, and there was not with them
in the boat, not even3 one loaf. And Jesus charged them, and said, Take heed, and guard yourselves from the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees, and from the
leaven of Herod. And they reflected within themselves that they had taken with them
no bread. And Jesus knew, and said unto them, Why4 think ye within yourselves, O ye of little faith, and are anxious, because ye have no bread? until now do ye not per-
ceive, neither understand? is your heart yet hard? And have ye eyes, and yet see not?
Arabic p. 90 and have ye ears, and yet hear not? and do ye not remember when I brake those five loaves for five thousand? and how many baskets full of broken
pieces took ye5 up? They said, Twelve. He said unto them, And the seven also for four thousand: how many baskets full of broken pieces took ye5 up? They
said, Seven. He said unto them, How have ye not understood that I spake not to you because of6 the bread, but that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees
and Sadducees? Then they understood that he spake, not that they should beware of the leaven of the bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees, which he called leaven.
And after that, he came to Bethsaida. And they brought to him a certain7 blind
man, and besought him that he would touch him. And he took the hand of that blind man, and led him out without the village, and spat in his eyes, and laid his
hand on him,8 and asked him, What seest thou? And that blind man looked intently,
and said unto him, I see men as trees walking. And he placed his hand
again on his eyes; and they were restored,9 and he saw everything clearly. And he sent him to his house, and said, Do not enter even into the village, nor tell any man in the village.
And Jesus went forth, and his disciples, to the villages of Cæsarea Philippi.
And while he was going in the way, and his disciples alone,10 he asked his disciples,
and said, What do men say of me that I am, the Son of man?11 They said unto him, Some say, John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the
prophets. He said unto them, And ye, what say ye that I am? Simon Cephas answered
Arabic p. 91 and said, Thou art the Messiah, the Son of the living God. Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon son of Jonah: flesh and
blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And I say unto thee also, that thou art Cephas,12 and on this rock will I build my church; and the
gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. To thee will I give the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and
whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. And he sternly charged his disciples, and warned them that they should not tell any man concerning
him, that he was the Messiah. And henceforth began Jesus to shew to his disciples
that he was determined13 to go to Jerusalem, and suffer much, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and of the scribes, and be killed, and on the
third day rise. And he was speaking14 plainly. And Simon Cephas, as one grieved
for him, said, Far be thou, my Lord, from that. And he turned, and looked upon
his disciples, and rebuked Simon, and said, Get thee behind me, Satan: for thou art a stumblingblock unto me: for thou thinkest not of what pertains to God, but of what pertains to men.
And Jesus called the multitudes with his disciples, and said unto them, Whosoever would come after me, let him deny himself, and take his cross every day, and
come after me. And whosoever would save his life shall lose it; and whosoever
loseth his life for my sake, and for the sake of my gospel, shall save it. What shall
a man profit, if he gain all the world, and destroy15 his own life,16 or lose it? or what
Arabic p. 92 will a man give in ransom for his life?16 Whosoever shall deny me and my sayings in this sinful and adulterous generation, the Son of man also will
deny him, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with his holy angels. For the Son of man is about to17 come in the glory of his Father with his holy angels; and then shall he reward each man according to his works.
1 Arabic Magadu, as in Peshitta.
2 cf. Section 21, 324.
3 The change of a single letter in the Arabic would turn not even into except; but Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary British Museum text also has not even.
10 Or, his disciples being alone. There is no such clause in the Syriac versions Pesh., Sin..
11 The Arabic, which reappears in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary British Museum text, and seems to represent the consonantal text of the Peshitta, is awkward. Section 23, 34 Arabic, shows, however, that the rendering given in the text in the meaning intended by the translator.
12 Same Arabic word in both places. See note to Section 5, 114.
13 The word is freely used in this work in the post-classical sense of about to.
14 The Arabic might perhaps be construed and to speak, depending on began in Section 23, 40; but the clause agrees with the Sinaitic of Mark, as does the following.
15 Or, lose.
16 Or, self; or, soul.
17 See Section 23, 406.
And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, There be here now some standing that shall not taste death, until they see the kingdom of God come1 with strength, and the Son of man who cometh in his kingdom.
And after six days Jesus took Simon Cephas, and James, and John his brother,
and brought them up into a high mountain, the three of them only. And while they
were praying, Jesus changed, and became after the fashion of another person; and his face shone like the sun, and his raiment was very white like the snow, and as
the light of lightning, so that nothing on earth can whiten2 like it. And there appeared
unto him Moses and Elijah talking to Jesus. And they thought that the time
of his decease which was to be accomplished at Jerusalem was come. And Simon and those that were with him were heavy in the drowsiness of steep; and with effort they roused themselves, and saw his glory, and those two men that were standing with him.
Arabic p. 93 And when they began to depart from him, Simon said unto Jesus, My
Master, it is good for us to be here: and if thou wilt, we will make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah; not knowing
what he said, because of the fear which took possession of them. And while he
was yet saying that, a bright cloud overshadowed them. And when they saw Moses
and Elijah that they had entered into that cloud, they feared again. And a voice was heard out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son, whom I have chosen;
hear ye therefore him. And when this voice was heard, Jesus was found alone.
And the disciples, when they heard the voice, fell on their faces from the fear which
took hold of them. And Jesus came and touched them and said, Arise, be not
afraid. And they lifted up their eyes, and saw Jesus as he was.
And when they went down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, and said unto them, Tell not what ye have seen to any man, until the Son of man rise from
among the dead. And they kept the word within themselves, and told no man in
those days what they had seen. And they reflected among themselves, What is this
word which he spake unto us, I, when I am risen from among the dead? And his disciples asked him, and said, What is that which the scribes say, then, that Elijah
Arabic p. 94 must first come? He said unto them, Elijah cometh first to set in order everything, and as it was written of the Son of man, that he should suffer many things,
and be rejected. But I say unto you, that Elijah is come, and they knew him not, and have done unto him whatsoever they desired, as it was written of him.
In like manner the Son of man is to suffer of them. Then understood the disciples that he spake unto them concerning John the Baptist.
And on that day whereon they came down from the mountain, there met him a multitude of many people standing with his disciples, and the scribes were discuss-
ing with them. And the people, when they saw Jesus, were perplexed,3 and in the
midst of their joy hastened4 and saluted him. And on that day came certain of the Pharisees, and said unto him, Get thee out, and go hence; for Herod seeketh
to kill thee. Jesus said unto them, Go ye and say to this fox, Behold, I am casting out demons, and I heal to-day and to-morrow, and on the third day I am perfected.
Nevertheless I must be watchful5 to-day and to-morrow, and on the last day I shall depart; for it cannot be that a prophet perish outside of Jerusalem.
And after that, there came to him a man from that multitude, and fell upon his knees, and said unto him, I beseech thee, my Lord, look upon my son; he is my
Luk_9:38 Mat_17:14 Luk_9:38
only child: and the spirit cometh upon him suddenly. A lunacy6 hath come upon
him, and he meeteth with evils. And when it cometh upon him, it beateth him about;7
and he foameth, and gnasheth his teeth, and wasteth;8 and many times it hath thrown him into the water and into the fire to destroy him, and it hardly leaveth him after
Arabic p. 95 bruising him. And I brought him near to thy disciples, and they could
not heal him. Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, till when shall I be with you? and till when shall I bear with you? bring thy son
hither. And he brought him unto him: and when the spirit saw him, immediately
it beat him about; and he fell upon the ground, and was raging and foaming. And Jesus asked his father, How long is the time during which he hath been thus? He
said unto him, From his youth until now. But, my Lord, help me wherein thou
canst, and have mercy upon me. Jesus said unto him, If thou canst believe! All
things are possible to him that believeth. And immediately the father of the child
cried out, weeping, and said, I believe, my Lord; help my lack of faith. And when Jesus saw the hastening of the people, and their coming at the sound, he rebuked that unclean spirit, and said to it, Thou dumb9 spirit that speakest not, I command
thee,10 come out of him, and enter not again into him. And that spirit, devil,11 cried out much, and bruised him, and came out; and that child fell as one dead, and
many thought that he had died. But Jesus took him by his hand, and raised him
up, and gave him to his father; and that child was healed from that hour. And the people all marvelled at the greatness of God.
And when Jesus entered into the house, his disciples came, and asked him
Arabic p. 96 privately,12 and said unto him, Why were we not able to heal him? Jesus said unto Arabic. Them, Because of your unbelief. Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say to this mountain, Remove hence;
and it shall remove; and nothing shall overcome you. But it is impossible to cast out this kind by anything except by fasting and prayer.
And when he went forth thence, they passed through Galilee: and he would not
that any man should know it.13 And he taught his disciples, and said unto them,
Keep ye these sayings in your ears and your hearts: for the Son of man is to be delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and when he is killed, he
shall rise on the third day. But they knew not the word which he spake unto them, for it was concealed from them, that they should not perceive it; and they feared to
ask him about this word. And they were exceeding sorrowful.
1 i.e., already come.
2 Or, become white. In the Peshitta. The verb is transitive. In Sin. the clause is omitted.
3 This rendering assumes that the diacritical point is due to a clerical error. The text as printed can hardly be translated without forcing.
4 This Arabic word repeatedly represents a Syriac ran cf. Section 53, 11. A different word is so used in Section 26, 21.
5 The Syriac word used in the Peshitta is here translated just as it was translated in Section 1 7916; but the Greek shows that in the present passage the Syriac word means go about cf. Cur.
6 Lit. The son-of-the-roof, a Syriac phrase meaning a demon of lunacy.
7 A word used in Arabic of the devil producing insanity; but here it reproduces the Peshitta.
8 Lit. becometh light; but a comparison with the Peshitta suggests that we should change one diacritical point and read withereth, as in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary. An equally easy emendation would be wasteth.
9 In Syriac but not in Arabic, the word means deaf or dumb, according to the context.
10 Ciasca’s Arabic follows Vatican ms. in inserting that pronoun after thee.
11 Doubtless alternative renderings of the same Syriac word demon.
12 Lit. between themselves and him.
13Or, about him.
And in that day this thought presented itself to his disciples, and they said, which
haply should be the greatest among them.1 And when they came to Capernaum, and entered into the house, Jesus said unto them, What were ye considering in the
way among yourselves? And they were silent because they had considered that matter.
And when Simon went forth without, those that received two dirhams for the tribute came to Cephas, and said unto him, Doth your master not give his two
dirhams? He said unto them, Yea. And when Cephas entered the house, Jesus anticipated him, and said unto him, What thinkest thou, Simon? the kings of the earth, from whom do they receive custom and tribute? from their sons, or from
Arabic p. 97 strangers? Simon said unto him, From strangers. Jesus said unto him, Children then are free. Simon said unto him, Yea. Jesus said unto him,
Give thou also unto them, like the stranger. But, lest it trouble them, go thou to the sea, and cast a hook; and the first fish that cometh up, open its mouth, and thou shall find a stater: take therefore that, and give for me and thee.
And in that hour came the disciples to Jesus, and said unto him, Who, thinkest
thou, is greater in the kingdom of heaven? And Jesus knew the thought of their heart, and called a2 child, and set him in the midst, and took him in his arms, and
said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye do not return, and become as children,
ye shall not enter the kingdom of heaven. Every one that shall receive in my name such as this child hath received me: and whosoever receiveth me receiveth
not me, but him that sent me. And he who is little in your company,3 the same