Church Fathers: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9: 9.02.08 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 36-42

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Church Fathers: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9: 9.02.08 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 36-42

TOPIC: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9 (Other Topics in this Collection)
SUBJECT: 9.02.08 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 36-42

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The Diatessaron of Tatian (Cont.)

The Text of the Diatessaron. (Cont.)

Section XXXVI.

1 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever keepeth my word shall not see death Joh_8:51 2 for ever. The Jews said unto him, Now we know that thou hast demons. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, Whosoever keepeth my word shall not Joh_8:52 3 taste death for ever. Art thou haply greater than our father Abraham, who is Joh_8:53 4 dead, and than the prophets, which are dead? whom makest thou thyself? Jesus said unto them, If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing: my Father is he that Joh_8:54 5 glorifieth me; of whom ye say, that he is our1 God; and yet ye have not known him: but I know him; and if I should say that I know him not, I should become Joh_8:55 6 Arabic p. 137 a liar like you: but I know him, and keep his word. Abraham your father Joh_8:56 7 longed to see my day; and he saw, and rejoiced. The Jews said unto him, Joh_8:57 8 Thou art now not fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham? Jesus said unto Joh_8:58 9 them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. And they take2 stones to stone him: but Jesus concealed himself, and went out of the temple. And he passed through them, and went his way. Joh_8:59 Joh_8:59 3 10 And as he passed, he saw a man blind from his mother’s womb. And his Joh_9:1 11 disciples asked him, and said, Our Master, who sinned, this man, or his parents, so Joh_9:2 12 that he was born blind?4 Jesus said unto them, Neither did he sin, nor his parents: Joh_9:3 13 but that the works of God may be seen in him.5 It is incumbent on me to do the deeds of him that sent me, while it is day: a night will come, and no man will be Joh_9:4 14 able to busy himself. As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world. Joh_9:5 15 And when he said that, he spat upon the ground, and made clay of his spittle, and Joh_9:6 16 smeared it on the eyes of the blind man, and said unto him, Go and wash thyself in Joh_9:7 17 the pool6 of Siloam.7 And he went and washed, and came seeing. And his neighbours, which saw him of old begging, said, Is not this he that was sitting begging? Joh_9:8 18 And some said, It is he; and others said, Nay, but he resembles him much. He Joh_9:9 19, 20 said, I am he. They said unto him, How then were thine eyes opened? He answered and said unto them, A man named Jesus made clay, and smeared it on my eyes, and said unto me, Go and wash in the water of Siloam: and I went and Joh_9:10 Joh_9:11 21 washed, and received sight.8 They said unto him, Where is he? He said, I know not. Joh_9:12 22, 23 Arabic p. 138 And they brought him that was previously blind to the Pharisees. And the day in which Jesus made clay and opened with it his eyes was a sabbath Joh_9:13 Joh_9:14 24 day. And again the Pharisees asked him, How didst thou receive sight? And he said Joh_9:15 25 unto them, He put clay on mine eyes, and I washed, and received sight. The people9 of the Pharisees said, This man is not from God, for he keepeth not the sabbath. And others said, How can a man that is a sinner do these signs? And there came Joh_9:16 26 to be a division amongst them. And again they said to that blind man, Thou, then, what sayest thou of him that opened for thee thine eyes? He said unto them, Joh_9:17 27 I say that he is a prophet. And the Jews did not believe concerning him, that he was blind, and received sight, until they summoned the parents of him who received Joh_9:18 28 sight, and asked them, Is this10 your son, of whom ye said that he was born blind? Joh_9:19 29 how then, behold, doth he now see? His parents answered and said, We know Joh_9:20 30 that this is our son, and that he was born blind: but how he has come to see now, or who it is that opened his eyes, we know not: and he also has reached his prime; Joh_9:21 31 ask him, and he will speak for himself. This said his parents, because they were fearing the Jews: and the Jews decided, that if any man should confess of him that Joh_9:22 32 he was the Messiah, they would put him out of the synagogue. For this reason Joh_9:23 33 said his parents, He hath reached his prime; ask him. And they called the man a second time, him that was blind, and said unto him, Praise God: we know that this Joh_9:24 34 man is a sinner. He answered and said unto them, Whether he be a sinner, I know Joh_9:25 35 not: I know one thing, that I was blind, and I now see. They said unto him again, Joh_9:26 36 Arabic p. 139 What did he unto thee? how opened he for thee thine eyes? He said unto them, I said unto you, and ye did not hear: what11 wish ye further to hear? Joh_9:27 37 ye also, do ye wish to become disciples to him? And they reviled him, and said unto him, Thou art the disciple12 of that man; but as for us, we are the disciples of Joh_9:28 38 Moses. And we know that God spake unto Moses: but this man, we know not Joh_9:29 39 whence he is. The man answered and said unto them, From this is the wonder, Joh_9:30 40 because ye know not whence he is, and mine eyes hath he opened. And we know that God heareth not the voice of sinners: but whosoever feareth him, and doeth Joh_9:31 41 his will, him he heareth. From eternity hath it not been heard of, that a man Joh_9:32 42 opened the eyes of a blind man, who had been born in blindness. If then this man Joh_9:33 43 were not from God, he could not do that. They answered and said unto him, Thou wast all of thee born in sins, and dost thou teach us? And they put him forth without. Joh_9:34 44 And Jesus heard of his being put forth without, and found him, and said unto Joh_9:35 45 him, Dost thou believe in the Son of God? He that was made whole answered Joh_9:36 46 and said, Who is he, my Lord, that I may believe in him? Jesus said unto him, Joh_9:37 47 Thou hast seen him, and he that speaketh to thee is he. And he said, I believe, my Lord. And he fell down worshipping him. Joh_9:38


1 cf. Peshitta. The Semitic omits our.

2 The Vatican ms. has took him, probably omitting stones, though Ciasca does not say so. Take is probably a copyist’s error change in diacritical points for took.

3 Reckoned to verse 59 in the Greek.

4 A different word in Arabic from that used in Mar_12:1 and Mar_12:6.

5 The Vatican ms. has that we may see the works of God in him. By the addition of a diacritical point this would give the same sense as in the text above, and more grammatically.

6 The Arabic word properly means baptism. The Syriac has both meanings.

7 Lit. Shiloha, as in Syriac.

8 Lit. saw.

9 An easy clerical error for Some.

10 Lit. them, whether this be.

11 Or, why cf. note, Section 7, 3811.

12 Disciples is probably simply a misprint in Ciasca’s text.

Section XXXVII.

1 And Jesus said, To judge the world am I come, so that they that see not may Joh_9:39 2 see, and they that see may become blind. And some of the Pharisees which were Joh_9:40 3 with him heard that, and they said unto him, Can it be that we are blind? Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should not have sin: but now ye say, We see: and because of this your sin remaineth.1 Joh_9:41 4 Arabic p. 140 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever entereth not into the fold of the sheep by the door, but goeth up from another place, that man is a thief and a Joh_10:1 5, 6 stealer. But he that entereth by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. And therefore2 the keeper of the door openeth for him the door; and the sheep hear his voice: and Joh_10:2 Joh_10:3 7 he calleth his sheep3 by their names, and they go forth unto him. And when he putteth forth his sheep, he goeth before them, and his sheep3 follow him: because Joh_10:4 8 they know his voice. And after a stranger will the sheep not go, but they flee from Joh_10:5 9 him: because they hear not the voice of a stranger. This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they knew not what he was saying unto them. Joh_10:6 10 Jesus said unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the Joh_10:7 11 sheep. And all that came are thieves and stealers: but the sheep heard them not. Joh_10:8 12 I am the door: and if a man enter by me, he shall live, and shall go in and go out, Joh_10:9 13 and shall find pasture. And the stealer cometh not, save that he may steal, and kill, and destroy: but I came that they might have life, and that they might have Joh_10:10 14 the thing that is better.4 I am the good shepherd; and the good shepherd giveth Joh_10:11 15 himself5 for his sheep. But the hireling, who is not a shepherd, and whose the sheep6 are not, when he seeth the wolf as it cometh, leaveth the sheep, and fleeth, Joh_10:12 16 and the wolf cometh, and snatcheth away the sheep, and scattereth7 them: and the Joh_10:13 17 hireling fleeth because he is an hireling, and hath no care for the sheep. I am the Joh_10:14 18 good shepherd; and I know what is mine, and what is mine knoweth me, as my Father knoweth me, and I know my Father; and I give myself8 for the sheep. Joh_10:15 19 And I have other sheep also, that are not of this flock: them also I must invite, and they shall hear my voice; and all the sheep shall be one, and the shepherd one. Joh_10:16 20 Arabic p. 141 And therefore doth my Father love me, because I give my life, that I may Joh_10:17 21 take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I leave it of my own choice. And I have the right to leave it, and have the right also to take it. And this commandment did I receive of my Father. Joh_10:18 22 And there occurred a disagreement among the Jews because of these sayings. Joh_10:19 23 And many of them said, He hath a devil, and is afflicted with madness;9 why listen Joh_10:20 24 ye to him? And others said, These sayings are not those of men possessed with demons. Can a demon haply open the eyes of a blind man? Joh_10:21 25, 26 And the feast of the dedication came on at Jerusalem: and it was winter. And Joh_10:22 Joh_10:23 27 Jesus was walking in the temple in the porch of Solomon. The Jews therefore surrounded him, and said unto him, Until when dost thou make our hearts anxious? Joh_10:24 28 If thou art the Messiah, tell us plainly. He answered and said unto them, I told you, and ye believe not: and the deeds that I do in my Father’s name bear witness Joh_10:25 29, 30 to me. But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep,10 as I said unto you. Joh_10:26 Joh_10:27 31 And my sheep10 hear my voice, and I know them, and they come after me: and I give them eternal life; and they shall not perish for ever, nor shall any man snatch Joh_10:28 32 them out of my hands.11 For the Father, who hath given them unto me, is greater Joh_10:29 33 than all; and no man is able to take them from the hand of my12 Father. I and Joh_10:30 34, 35 my Father are one. And the Jews took stones to stone him. Jesus said unto them, Many good deeds from my Father have I shewed you; because of which13 of them, Joh_10:31 Joh_10:32 36 then, do ye stone me? The Jews said unto him, Not for the good deeds do we stone thee, but because thou blasphemest; and, whilst thou art a man, makest thy- Joh_10:33 37 self God. Jesus said unto them, Is it not thus written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? Joh_10:34 38 Arabic p. 142 And if he called those gods — for14 to them came the word of God (and it is Joh_10:35 39 not possible in15 the scripture that anything should be undone) — he then, whom the Father hath sanctified and sent into the world, do ye say that he blasphemeth; Joh_10:36 40 because I said unto you, I am the Son of God? If then I do not the deeds of my Joh_10:37 41 Father, ye believe me not.16 But if I do, even if ye believe not me, believe the deeds: that ye may know and believe that my Father is in me, and I in my Father. Joh_10:38 42 And they sought again to take him: and he went forth out of their hands. Joh_10:39 43 And he went beyond Jordan to the place where John was baptizing formerly; Joh_10:40 44 and abode there. And many people came unto him; and they said, John did not Joh_10:41 45 work even one sign: but all that John said of this man is truth. And many believed in him. Joh_10:42 46 And there was a sick man, named Lazarus, of the village of Bethany, the brother Joh_11:1 47 of Mary and Martha. And Mary was she that anointed with sweet ointment the feet of Jesus, and wiped them with her hair; and Lazarus, who was sick, was the Joh_11:2 48 brother of this woman.17 And his sisters sent unto Jesus, and said unto him, Our Joh_11:3 49 Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick. But Jesus said, This sickness is not unto death, but for the glorifying of God, that the Son of God may be glorified Joh_11:4 50, 51 because of it. And Jesus loved Martha, and Mary, and Lazarus. And when he Joh_11:5 Joh_11:6 52 heard that he was sick, he abode in the place where he was two days. And after that, Joh_11:7 53 he said unto his disciples, Come, let us go into Judæa. His disciples said unto him, Our Master, now the Jews desire to stone thee; and goest thou again thither? Joh_11:8 54, 55 Arabic p. 143 Jesus said unto them, Is not the day of twelve hours? If then a man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of the world. But if Joh_11:9 Joh_11:10 56 a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no lamp in him. This said Jesus: and after that, he said unto them, Lazarus our friend hath fallen asleep; but Joh_11:11 57 I am going to awaken him. His disciples said unto him, Our Lord, if he hath Joh_11:12 58 fallen asleep, he will recover. But Jesus said that concerning his death: while they Joh_11:13 59 supposed that he spake of lying down to sleep. Then Jesus said unto them plainly, Joh_11:14 60 Lazarus is dead. And I am glad that I was not there for your sakes, that ye may Joh_11:15 61 believe; but let us go thither. Thomas, who is called Thama,18 said to the disciples, his companions, Let us also go, and die with him. Joh_11:16


1 Or, is permanent.

2 Or, to him.

3 A different word (lit rams) from that used in the other verses, so in Peshitta. cf. Sin., which, however, differs somewhat; cf. also Section 54, 40 f.12.

4 Or, best thing. Vatican ms. omits from but I came.

5 Or, his life.

6 cf. note to Section 37, 62.

7 Or, to snatch . . . and scatter.

8 Or, my life.

9 Lit. epilepsy.

10 cf. Section 37, 6.

11 Or, hand; but probably dual, cf. Syr.

12 So Peshitta; but Sin. the. Borgian ms. omits the hand of.

13 Lit. which deed.

14 cf. Peshitta.

15 This in could more easily arise as a clerical error repetition in the Syriac text.

16 So Ciasca’s text, following Vatican ms. But this is probably a clerical error for the reading of Borgian ms, which omits ye.

17 cf. Peshitta

18 The Syriac word for Twin.

Section XXXVIII.

1, 2 And Jesus came to Bethany, and found him already four days in the grave. And Bethany was beside Jerusalem, and its distance from it was a sum of fifteen fur- Joh_11:17 Joh_11:18 3 longs;1 and many of the Jews came unto Mary and Martha, to comfort their heart Joh_11:19 4 because of their brother. And Martha, when she heard that Jesus had come, went Joh_11:20 5 out to meet him: but Mary was sitting in the house. Martha then said unto Jesus, Joh_11:21 6 My Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died. But I know now that, Joh_11:22 7 whatever thou shalt ask of God, he will give thee. Jesus said unto her, Thy brother shall Joh_11:23 8 rise. Martha said unto him, I know that he shall rise in the resurrection at the last day. Joh_11:24 9 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: whosoever believeth in Joh_11:25 10 Arabic p. 144 me, even though he die, he shall live: and every living one that believeth Joh_11:26 11 in me shall never die. Believest thou this? She said unto him, Yea, my Lord: I believe that thou art the Messiah, the Son of God, that cometh into the Joh_11:27 12 world. And when she had said that, she went and called Mary her sister secretly, Joh_11:28 13 and said unto her, Our Master hath come, and summoneth thee. And Mary, when Joh_11:29 14 she heard, rose in haste, and came unto him. (And Jesus then had not come into Joh_11:30 15 the village, but was in the place where Martha met him.) And the Jews also that were with her in the house, to comfort her, when they saw that Mary rose up and went out in haste, went after her, because they supposed that she was going to the Joh_11:31 16 tomb to weep. And Mary, when she came to where Jesus was, and saw him, fell at his feet, and said unto him, If thou hadst been here, my Lord, my brother had Joh_11:32 17 not died. And Jesus came; and when he saw her weeping, and the Jews that were Joh_11:33 18 with her weeping, he was troubled2 in himself, and sighed; and he said, In what Joh_11:34 19 place have ye laid him? And they said unto him, Our Lord, come and see. And Joh_11:35 20 the tears of Jesus came.3 The Jews therefore said, See the greatness of his love for Joh_11:36 21 him! But some of them said, Could not this man, who opened the eyes of that Joh_11:37 22 blind man, have caused that this man also should not die? And Jesus came to the place of burial, being troubled within himself. And the place of burial was a cave, Joh_11:38 23 and a stone was placed at its door. Jesus therefore said, Take these stones away. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, said unto him, My Lord, he hath come to Joh_11:39 24 stink for some time: he hath been4 four days dead. Jesus said unto her, Did not I say Joh_11:40 25 Arabic p. 145 unto thee, If thou believest, thou shall see the glory of God? And they re- moved those stones. And Jesus lifted his eyes on high, and said, My Father, Joh_11:41 26 I thank thee Since thou didst hear me. And I know that thou at all times hearest me: but I say this unto thee because of this multitude that is standing, that they Joh_11:42 27 may believe that thou didst send me. And when he had said that, he cried with a Joh_11:43 28 loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. And that dead man came out, having his hands and feet bound with bandages, and his face wrapped in a scarf. Jesus said unto them, Loose him, and let him go. Joh_11:44 29 And many of the Jews which came unto Mary, when they saw the deed of Jesus, Joh_11:45 30 believed in him. But some of them went to the Pharisees, and informed them of all that Jesus did. Joh_11:46 31 And the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered, and said, What shall we do? Joh_11:47 32 for lo, this man doeth many signs. And if we leave him thus, all men will believe Joh_11:48 33 in him: and the Romans will come and take our country and people. And one of them, who was called Caiaphas, the chief priest he was in that year, said unto them, Joh_11:49 34 Ye know not anything, nor consider that it is more advantageous for us that one Joh_11:50 35 man should die instead of the people, and not that the whole people perish. And this he said not of himself: but because he was the chief priest of5 that year, he Joh_11:51 36 prophesied that Jesus was to die instead of the people; and not instead of the people alone, but that he might gather the scattered children of God together. Joh_11:52 37 And from that day they considered how to kill him. Joh_11:53 38 Arabic p. 146 And Jesus did not walk openly amongst the Jews, but departed thence to a place near the wilderness, to a town6 called Ephraim; and he was there, going Joh_11:54 39 about with his disciples. And the passover of the Jews was near: and many went Joh_11:55 40 up from the villages unto Jerusalem before the feast, to purify themselves. And they sought for Jesus, and said one to another in the temple, What think ye of his Joh_11:56 41 holding back from the feast? And the chief priests and the Pharisees had given commandment, that, if any man knew in what place he was, he should reveal it to them, that they might take him. Joh_11:57 42 And when the days of his going up were accomplished, he prepared himself that Luk_9:51 43 he might go7 to Jerusalem. And he sent messengers before him, and departed,8 and Luk_9:52 44 entered into a village9 of Samaria, that they might make ready for him. And they Luk_9:53 45 received him not, because he10 was prepared for going to Jerusalem. And when James and John his disciples saw it, they said unto him, Our Lord, wilt thou that we speak, and fire come down from heaven, to extirpate them, as did Elijah also? Luk_9:54 46 And Jesus turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not of what spirit ye are. Luk_9:55 47 Verily the Son of man did not come to destroy lives, but to give life. And they went to another village. Luk_9:56


1 Arabic mil, a somewhat indefinite distance.

2 This is the Syriac word cf. the versions, and below, Section 44, 44; see also Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, ad loc.

3 So in Syriac versions.

4 Borgian ms. omits some time: he hath been.

5 So both mss, but the Vatican ms. had originally a reading equivalent to the text above with of omitted.

6 The Arabic word as printed following Vatican ms. means a place for monks to live in, but we should certainly restore a diacritical point over the last letter, and thus obtain another Syriac loan-word that used here in the Peshitta, meaning town. See also Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, ad loc.

7 The present Arabic reading in going could pretty easily arise from that assumed in the translation above.

8 This and the following verb are singular in the printed Arabic against the versions, although Ciasca renders them plural. A copyist using a carelessly written Arabic exemplar might conceivably overlook the plural terminations. Besides, They are often omitted in Syriac mss.

9 cf. note, Section 1, 407.

10 Lit. his body.

Section XXXIX.

1 And Jesus six days before the passover1 came to Bethany, where was Lazarus, Joh_12:1 2 whom Jesus raised from among the dead. And they made2 a feast for him there: Joh_12:2 3 and Martha was serving; while Lazarus was one of them that sat with him. And Mar_14:3 4 Arabic p. 147 at the time of Jesus’ being at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, great multitudes of the Jews heard that Jesus was there: and they came, not because of Jesus alone, but that they might look also on Lazarus, whom he raised from among the dead. Joh_12:9 5, 6 And the chief priests considered how they might kill Lazarus also; because Joh_12:10 Joh_12:11 7 many of the Jews were going on his account, and believing in Jesus. And Mary took a case of the ointment of fine nard, of great price, and opened it, and poured Joh_12:3 Mar_14:3 8 it out on the head of Jesus as he was reclining; and she anointed his feet, and wiped them with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment. Joh_12:3 9, 10 But Judas Iscariot, one of the disciples, he that was to betray him, said, Why was Joh_12:4 Joh_12:5 11 not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given unto the poor? This he said, not because of his care for the poor, but because he was a thief, and the chest Joh_12:6 12 was with him, and what was put3 into it he used to bear. And that displeased the rest of the disciples also within themselves, and they said, Why went this ointment Mar_14:4 13 to waste? It was possible that it should be sold for much, and the poor be given Mat_26:9 14 it. And they were angry with4 Mary. And Jesus perceived it, and said unto them, Leave her; why molest ye her? a good work hath she accomplished on me: for the Mar_14:5 Mat_26:10 Mar_14:6 15 day of my burial kept she it. At all times the poor are with you, and when ye Joh_12:7 Joh_12:8 16 wish ye can do them a kindness: but I am not at all times with you. And for this cause, when she poured5 this ointment on my body, it is as if she did it for my bur- Mar_14:7 Mat_26:12 17 ial, and anointed my body beforehand. And verily I say unto you, In every place where this my gospel shall be proclaimed in all the world, what she did shall be told for a memorial of her. Mar_14:8 Mar_14:9 18, 19 Arabic p. 148 And when Jesus said that, he went out leisurely to go to Jerusalem, And when he arrived at Bethphage and at Bethany, beside the mount which is Luk_19:28 Luk_19:29 Mat_21:1 20 called the mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples, and he said unto them, Go Mat_21:2 Mar_11:2 21 into this village that is opposite you: and when ye enter it, ye shall find an ass tied, and Mat_21:2 22 a colt with him,6 which no man ever yet mounted: loose him, and bring them7 unto me. And if any man say unto you, Why loose ye them? say unto him thus, We Luk_19:30 Mat_21:2 Luk_19:31 23 seek them for our Lord; and straightway send them hither. All this was, that what was said in the prophet might be fulfilled, which said, Mat_21:3 Mat_21:4 24 Say ye unto the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, Meek, and riding upon an ass, And upon a colt the foal of an ass. Mat_21:5 25 And the disciples did not know this at that time: but after that Jesus was glorified, his disciples remembered that these things were written of him, and that this Joh_12:16 26 they had done unto him. And when the two disciples went, they found as he had Mat_21:6 Luk_19:32 27 said unto them, and they did as Jesus charged them. And when they loosed them, Mat_21:6 Luk_19:33 28 their owners said unto them, Why loose ye them? They said unto them, We seek Luk_19:34 29 them for our Lord. And they let them go. And they brought the ass and the colt, Mar_11:6 Mat_21:7 30 and they placed on the colt their garments; and