Church Fathers: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9: 9.02.09 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 43-49

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Church Fathers: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9: 9.02.09 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 43-49

TOPIC: Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 9 (Other Topics in this Collection)
SUBJECT: 9.02.09 Diatessaron of Tatian - Section 43-49

Other Subjects in this Topic:

The Diatessaron of Tatian (Cont.)

The Text of the Diatessaron. (Cont.)

Section XLIII.

1 Simon Cephas said unto him, Our Lord, is it to us that thou hast spoken this Luk_12:41 2 parable, or also to every man? Jesus said unto him, Who, thinkest thou, is the servant, the master of the house,2 trusted with control,3 whom his lord set over his Luk_12:42 1 Mat_24:45 3 household, to give them their food in its season? Blessed is that servant, whom his Mat_24:46 4 lord shall come and find having done so. Verily I say unto you, He will set him Luk_12:44 Mat_24:47 5 over all that he hath. But if that evil servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his Mat_24:48 6 coming; and shall begin to beat his servants and the maidservants of his lord, and Luk_12:45 Mat_24:49 7 shall begin to eat and to drink with the drunken; the lord of that servant shall come Mat_24:50 8 Arabic p. 163 in the day that he thinketh not, and in the hour that he knoweth not, and shall judge him, and appoint his portion with the hypocrites, and with those that are not faithful: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Mat_24:51 Luk_12:46 Mat_24:51 9 Then shall the kingdom of heaven be like unto ten virgins, those that took their Mat_25:1 10 lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom and the bride. Five of them were Mat_25:2 11 wise, and five foolish. And those foolish ones took their lamps, and took not with Mat_25:3 12, 13 them oil: but those wise ones took oil in vessels along with their lamps. When then Mat_25:4 Mat_25:5 14 the bridegroom delayed, they all slumbered and slept. But in the middle of the night there occurred a cry, Behold, the bridegroom cometh! Go forth therefore to Mat_25:6 15, 16 meet him. Then all those virgins arose, and made ready their lamps. The foolish Mat_25:7 Mat_25:8 17 said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out. But those wise answered and said, Perhaps4 there will not be enough for us and you: but go ye to Mat_25:9 18 the sellers, and buy for yourselves. And when they went away to buy, the bridegroom came; and those that were ready went in with him to the marriage feast: and Mat_25:10 19 the door was shut. And at last those other virgins also came and said, Our Lord, Mat_25:11 20 our Lord, open unto us. He answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, Mat_25:12 21 I know you not. Watch then, for ye know not that day nor that hour. Mat_25:13 22 It is as a man, who went on a journey, and called his servants, and delivered unto Mat_25:14 23 them his possessions. And unto one he gave five talents,5 and another two, and another Mat_25:15 24 Arabic p. 164 one; every one according to his strength; and went on his journey forthwith. He then that received the five talents went and traded with them, and gained Mat_25:16 25, 26 other five. And so also he of the two gained other two. But he that re- Mat_25:17 Mat_25:18 27 ceived the one went and digged in the earth, and hid the money of his lord. And after a long time the lord of those servants came, and took from them the account. Mat_25:19 28 And he that received five talents came near and brought other five, and said, My lord, thou gavest me five talents: lo, I have gained other five in addition to them. Mat_25:20 29 His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful servant: over a little hast Mat_25:21 30 thou been faithful, over much will I set thee: enter into the joy of thy lord. And he that had the two came near and said, My lord, thou gavest me two talents: lo, Mat_25:22 31 other two have I gained in addition to them. His lord said unto him, Good,6 thou faithful servant: over a little hast thou been faithful, over much will I set thee: enter Mat_25:23 32 into the joy of thy lord. And he also that received the one talent came forward and said, My lord, I knew thee that thou an a severe man, who reapest where thou Mat_25:24 33 sowest not, and gatherest where thou didst not scatter: and so I was afraid, and Mat_25:25 34 went away and hid thy talent in the earth: lo, thou hast what is thine. His lord answered and said unto him, Thou wicked and slothful servant, thou knewest me Mat_25:26 35 that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I did not scatter; it was incumbent on thee to put my money to the bank,7 and then I should come and seek it with its Mat_25:27 36 gains. Take now from him the talent, and give it to him that hath ten talents. Mat_25:28 37 Whosoever hath shall be given, and he shall have more: but he that hath not, even Mat_25:29 38 Arabic p. 165 what he hath shall be taken from him. And the unprofitable servant, put him forth into the outer darkness: there shall be the weeping and gnashing of teeth. Mat_25:30 39, 40 Your loins shall be girded, and your lamps lit; and ye shall be like the people that are looking for their lord, when he shall return from the feast; so that, when Luk_12:35 Luk_12:36 41 he cometh and knocketh, they may at once open unto him. Blessed are those servants, whom their lord shall come and find attentive: verily I say unto you, that he will gird his waist, and make them sit down, and pass through8 them and serve Luk_12:37 42 them. And if he come in the second watch, or the third, and find thus, blessed are those servants. Luk_12:38 43 But when the Son of man cometh in his glory, and all his pure angels with him, Mat_25:31 44 then shall he sit on the throne of his glory: and he will gather before him all the nations, and separate them the one from the other, like the shepherd who separateth Mat_25:32 45 the sheep from the goats; and will set9 the sheep on his right, and the goats on his Mat_25:33 46 left. Then shall the King say to those that are at his right, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundations10 of the world: Mat_25:34 47 I hungered, and ye gave me to eat; and I thirsted, and ye gave me to drink; and I Mat_25:35 48 was a stranger, and ye took me in; and I was naked, and ye clothed me; and I Mat_25:36 49 was sick, and ye visited me; and I was in prison, and ye cared for me. Then shall those righteous say unto him, Our Lord, when saw we thee hungry, and fed thee? Mat_25:37 50 or thirsty, and gave thee to drink? And when saw we thee a stranger, and took Mat_25:38 51 thee in? or naked, and clothed thee? And when saw we thee sick, or imprisoned, and Mat_25:39 52 cared for thee? The King shall answer and say11 unto them, Verily I say unto you, What ye did to one of these my brethren, the little ones, ye did unto me. Then Mat_25:40 53 Arabic p. 166 shall he say unto those that are on his left also, Depart from me, ye cursed, Mat_25:41 54 into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his hosts: I hungered, and ye fed me Mat_25:42 55 not; and I thirsted, and ye did not give me to drink; and I was a stranger, and ye took me not in; and I was naked, and ye clothed me not; and I was sick, and im- Mat_25:43 56 prisoned, and ye visited me not. Then shall those also answer and say, Our Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or naked, or a stranger, or sick, or im- Mat_25:44 57 prisoned, and did not minister unto thee? Then shall he answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, When ye did it not unto one of these little ones, ye did it not Mat_25:45 58 unto me also. And these shall go away into eternal punishment: but the righteous into eternal life. Mat_25:46


1 Borgian ms. omits Luk_12:42.

2 i.e., the steward.

3 Borgian ms. has trusted and faithful. Doubtless we should supply diacritical points to the reading of Vatican ms., and translate trusted and wise. Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, however, has both and wise and the word translated with control, used in a different sense.

4 See Section 10, 17, and Section 4, 249.

5 cf. Section 27, 21.

6 A Persian word. The Vatican ms. omits it.

7 Lit. table cf. Peshitta.

8 cf. Peshitta and Greek.

9 Or, and setteth; but the Peshitta confirms the rendering given above.

10 cf. Section 17, 173.

11 Perfect tenses, as in Peshitta.

Section XLIV.

1, 2 And when Jesus1 finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples, Ye know that after two days will be the passover, and the Son of man is delivered up to be Mat_26:1 Mat_26:2 3 crucified. Then gathered together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders Mat_26:3 4 of the people, unto the court of the chief priest, who was called Caiaphas; and they took counsel together concerning Jesus, that they might seize him by subtilty, and Mat_26:4 5 kill him. But they said, Not during the feast, lest there take place a disturbance among the people; for they feared the people. Mat_26:5 Luk_22:2 6 And Satan entered into Judas who was called Iscariot, who was of the number Luk_22:3 7 of the twelve. And he went away, and communed with the chief priests, and the scribes, and those that held command in the temple, and said unto them, What Luk_22:4 8 Arabic p. 167 would ye pay me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they, when they heard it, were pleased, and made ready2 for him thirty pieces of money.3 Mar_14:11 Mat_26:15 9 And he promised4 them, and from that time he sought an opportunity5 that he might deliver unto them Jesus without the multitude. Luk_22:6 10 And on the first day of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, and said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and make ready for thee that thou mayest eat the passover? Mar_14:12 11 And before the feast of the passover, Jesus knew that the hour was arrived for his departure from this world unto his Father; and he loved his own in this world, Joh_13:1 12 and to the last he loved them. And at the time of the feast, Satan put into the Joh_13:2 13 heart of Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to deliver him up. And Jesus, because he knew that the Father had delivered into his hands everything, and that he came Joh_13:3 14 forth from the Father, and goeth unto God, rose from supper, and laid aside his Joh_13:4 15 garments; and took a towel, and girded his waist, and poured water into a bason, and began to wash the feet of his disciples, and to wipe them with the towel where- Joh_13:5 16 with his waist was girded. And when he came to Simon Cephas, Simon said unto Joh_13:6 17 him, Dost thou, my Lord, wash for me my feet? Jesus answered and said unto Joh_13:7 18 him, What I do, now thou knowest not; but afterwards thou shall learn. Simon said unto him, Thou shalt never wash for me my feet. Jesus said unto him, If I Joh_13:8 19 wash thee not, thou hast no part with me. Simon Cephas said unto him, Then, my Joh_13:9 20 Lord, wash not for me my feet alone, but my hands also and my head. Jesus said unto him, He that batheth6 needeth not to wash save his feet, whereas his whole Joh_13:10 21 body is clean: and ye also are clean, but not all of you. For Jesus knew him that should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean. Joh_13:11 22 Arabic p. 168 So when he had washed their feet, he took his garments, and sat down, and Joh_13:12 23 said unto them, Know ye what I have done unto you? Ye call me, Master, Joh_13:13 24 and, Lord: and ye say well; so I am. If then I, now, who am your Lord and Master, have washed for you your feet, how needful is it that ye should wash one another’s feet! Joh_13:14 25 This have I given you as an example, that as I have done to you so ye should do Joh_13:15 26 also. Verily, verily, I say unto you, No servant is greater than his lord; nor an Joh_13:16 27 apostle greater than he that sent him. If ye know that, ye are happy if ye do it. Joh_13:17 28 My saying this7 is not for all of you: for I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture might be fulfilled, He that eateth with me bread lifted against me his Joh_13:18 29 heel. Henceforth I say unto you before it come to pass, that, when it cometh to Joh_13:19 30 pass, ye may believe that I am he. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and whosoever receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. Joh_13:20 31 Who is the great one, he that sitteth, or he that serveth? is it not he that sitteth? Luk_22:27 32 I am among you as he that serveth. But ye are they that have continued with me Luk_22:28 33 in my temptations; I promise8 you, as my Father promised8 me, the kingdom, that ye may eat and drink at the table of my kingdom. Luk_22:29 Luk_22:30 34 And the first day9 came, the feast of unleavened bread, on which the Jews were Luk_22:7 35 wont10 to sacrifice11 the passover. And Jesus sent two of his disciples, Cephas and John, and said unto them, Go and make ready for us the passover, that we may eat. Luk_22:8 36, 37 And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we make ready for thee? He said unto them, Go, enter the city; and at the time of your entering, there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water; follow him, and the place where he entereth, say Luk_22:9 Luk_22:10 Mar_14:13 Luk_22:10 Luk_22:11 38 Arabic p. 169 to such an one, the master of the house, Our Master saith, My time is come, and at thy house I keep the passover. Where then is the lodging-place where Mat_26:11 Luk_22:11 39 I shall eat with my disciples? And he will shew you a large upper room Luk_22:12 40 spread and made ready: there then make ready for us. And his two disciples went out, and came to the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover as he had said unto them. Mar_14:15 Mar_14:16 41 And when the evening was come, and the time arrived, Jesus came and reclined, Luk_22:14 42 and the twelve apostles with him. And he said unto them, With desire I have Luk_22:15 43 desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer: I say unto you, that henceforth I shall not eat it, until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God. Luk_22:16 44 Jesus said that, and was agitated12 in his spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, Joh_13:21 45 verily, I say unto you, One of you, he that eateth with me, shall betray me. And they were very sorrowful; and they began to say unto him, one after another of Mar_14:18 Mar_14:19 46 them, Can it be I, Lord? He answered and said unto them, One of the twelve, Mar_14:20 47 he that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, will betray me. And Io, the hand of Luk_22:21 48 him that betrayeth me is on the table. And the Son of man goeth, as it is written of him: woe then to that man by whose hand the Son of man is betrayed! for it Mar_14:21 49 would have been better for that man had he not been born. And the disciples Joh_13:22 50 looked one on another, for they knew not to whom he referred; and they began to search among themselves, who that might be who was to do this. Luk_22:23


1 Borgian ms., the Lord Jesus.

2 Probably the letter that stands for and should be reseated, and the phrase rendered and appointed.

3 So Vatican ms. following Peshitta and Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary. Borgian ms., followed by Ciasca, has dirhams of money.

4 Lit. became responsible unto. Syriac versions as in text above cf. Section 44, 33.

5 The Arabic, lit. a stumbling or a cause of stumbling, doubtless represents the Syriac.

6 The Arabic word means swimmeth. The Syriac versions have is bathed, which Borgian ms. misreads bathed, and Vatican ms. followed by Ciasca corrupts into batheth, rendering it swimmeth.

7 Or, This my saying.

8 cf. Section 44, 94.

9 Vatican ms. has the word day on the margin, added by a late hand.

10 The misprint in the Arabic text has been overlooked in the list of Corrigenda.

11 Or, kill.

12 The Syriac word is retained. In Arabic it properly means become strong or proud cf. Section 38, 17.

Section XLV.

1, 2 Arabic p. 170 And one of his disciples was sitting1 in his bosom, he whom Jesus loved. To him Simon Cephas beckoned, that he should ask him who this was, con- Joh_13:23 Joh_13:24 3 cerning whom he spake. And that disciple leaned2 on Jesus’ breast, and said unto him, Joh_13:25 4 My Lord, who is this? Jesus answered and said, He to whom I shall dip bread, and give it. And Jesus dipped bread, and gave to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. Joh_13:26 5 And after the bread, Satan entered him. And Jesus said unto him, What thou Joh_13:27 6 desirest to do, hasten the doing of it. And no man of them that sat knew why he Joh_13:28 7 said this unto him. And some of them thought, because Judas had the box, that he was bidding him buy what would be needed for the feast; or, that he might pay Joh_13:28 8 something to the poor. Judas the betrayer answered and said, Can it be I, my Mat_26:30 9 Master? Jesus said unto him, Thou hast said. And Judas took the bread straightway, and went forth without: and it was still night. Joh_13:30 10 And Jesus said, Now is the Son of man being glorified,3 and God is being glorified3 Joh_13:31 11 in him; and if God is glorified in him, God also will glorify him in him, and straightway will glorify him. Joh_13:32 12 And while they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and divided; and he Mar_14:22 Mat_26:26 13 Arabic p. 171 gave to his disciples, and said unto them, Take and eat; this is my body. And he took a cup, and gave thanks, and blessed, and gave them, and said, Take Mar_14:23 Mat_26:27 14, 15 and drink of it, all of you. And they drank of it, all of them. And he said unto them, This is my blood, the new covenant, that is shed for many for the Mar_14:23 Mar_14:24 Mat_26:28 16 forgiveness of sins. I say unto you, I shall not drink henceforth of this, the juice of the vine, until the day in which I drink4 with you new wine in the kingdom of Mat_26:29 17 God. And thus do ye in remembrance of me. And Jesus said unto Simon, Simon, Luk_22:19 Luk_22:31 18 behold, Satan asketh that he may sift you like wheat: but I entreat5 for thee, that thou lose not thy faith:6 and do thou, at some time, turn7 and strengthen thy brethren. Luk_22:32 19 My children, another little while am I with you. And ye shall seek me: and as Joh_13:33 20 I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come; I say unto you now also. A new commandment I give you, that ye may love one another; and as I have loved Joh_13:34 21 you, so shall ye also love one another. By this shall every man know that ye are Joh_13:35 22 my disciples. if ye have love one to another. Simon Cephas said unto him, Our Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered and said unto him, Whither I go, thou canst not now follow me; but later thou shall come. Joh_13:36 23 Then said Jesus unto them, Ye all shall desert8 me this night:9 it is written, I Mat_26:31 24 will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered. But after my Mat_26:32 25 rising, I shall go before you into Galilee. Simon Cephas answered and said unto Mat_26:33 26 him, My Lord, if every man desert thee, I shall at no time desert thee. I am with thee ready for imprisonment and for death. And my life will I give up for thee. Luk_22:33 Joh_13:37 27 Arabic p. 172 Jesus said unto him, Wilt thou give up thy life for me? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Thou shall to-day, during this night, before the cock crow Joh_13:38 Mar_14:30 28 twice, three times deny me, that thou knowest me not. But Cephas said the more,10 Even if it lead to11 death with thee, I shall not deny thee, my Lord. And in like manner said all the disciples also. Luk_22:34 Mar_14:31 29 Then Jesus said unto them, Let not your hearts be troubled:12 believe in God, Joh_14:1 30 and believe in me. The stations13 in my Father’s house are many, else I should Joh_14:2 31 have told14 you. I15 go to prepare for you a place. And if I go to prepare for you a place, I shall return again, and take you unto me: and so where I am, there ye Joh_14:3 32, 33 shall be also. And the place that I go ye know,16 and the way ye know.16 Thomas said unto him, Our Lord, we know not whither thou goest; and how is the way for Joh_14:4 Joh_14:5 34 us to the knowledge of that?17 Jesus said unto him, I am the way, and the truth, Joh_14:6 35 and the life: and no man cometh unto my Father, but through me. And if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father: and from henceforth ye know18 him, Joh_14:7 36 and have seen him. Philip19 said unto him, Our Lord, shew us the Father, and it suf- Joh_14:8 37 ficeth us. Jesus said unto him, Have I been all this time with you, and dost thou not know20 me, Philip?19 whosoever hath seen me hath seen the Father; how then sayest Joh_14:9 38 thou, Shew us the Father? Believest thou not that I am in my Father, and my Father in me? and the saying that I say, I say not of myself: but my Father who dwelleth in Joh_14:10 39 me, he doeth these deeds. Believe that I am in my Father, and my Father in me: Joh_14:11 40 Arabic p. 173 or else believe for the sake of the deeds. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever believeth in me, the deeds that I do shall he do also; and Joh_14:12 41 more than that shall he do: I go unto the Father. And what ye shall ask in my Joh_14:13 42 name, I shall do unto you, that the Father may be glorified in his Son. And if ye Joh_14:14 43, 44 ask me21 in my name, I will do it. If ye love me, keep my commandments. And I will entreat of my Father, and he will send unto you another Paraclete, that he Joh_14:15 Joh_14:16 45 may be with you for ever, even the Spirit of truth: whom the world cannot receive; for it hath not seen him, nor known him: but ye know him; for he hath dwelt22 Joh_14:17 46 with you, and is in you. I will not leave you orphans: I will come unto you. Joh_14:18 47 Another little while, and the world seeth me not; but ye see me that I live, and ye Joh_14:19 48 shall live also. And in that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you. Joh_14:20


1 The Syriac versions have reclining.

2 Lit. fell.

3 A simple change of diacritical points would give the reading of the Greek and of the Syriac versions

4 Peshitta adds it. The reading of the Sinaitic is doubtful.

5 Past tense in Syriac versions.

6 We may translate, with the Syriac versions, that thy faith fail not, only if we assign a somewhat Syriac meaning to the verb, and assume either an error in diacritical points t for y or an unusual Syriac gender for faith.

7 cf. Syriac versions.

8 The Arabic word is not unlike the word for stumble, and Borgian ms. omits me.

9 Vatican ms. omits this night.

10 Or, went on saying.

11 Lit. end in. Or, if I come to the point of.

12 The diacritical points in both Vatican followed by Ciasca and Borgian mss. appear to demand a rendering inquire for be troubled. In Ibn-at-Tayyib’s comments not the text, however with other points, we have the meaning wail root nhb. Every Syriac version uses a different word.

13 Or, ranks.

14 Or, should tell.

15 Probably the Arabic represents a Syriac For I.

16 Different words.

17 cf. Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary f. 352a and order of words in Peshitta not Sin.

18 Lit. have known.

19 Different forms, as in Peshitta.

20 More exactly, hast thou not come to know.

21 The Borgian ms. has me clearly cf. Peshitta. The Vatican ms. is ambiguous.

22 Probably a misreading of the Peshitta not Sin. or Cur., since the next clause also agrees with it.

Section XLVI.

1 Whosoever hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will Joh_14:21 2 shew myself unto him. Judas (not Iscariot) said unto him, My Lord, what is the Joh_14:22 3 purpose of thy intention to shew thyself to us, and not to the world? Jesus answered and said unto him, Whosoever loveth me will keep my word: and my Father will love him, and to him will we come, and make our1 abode with him. Joh_14:23 4 But he that loveth me not keepeth not my word: and this word that ye hear is not my word, but the Father’s which sent me. Joh_14:24 5, 6 This have I spoken unto you, while I was yet with you. But the Paraclete, the Holy Spirit, whom my Father will send in my name, he will teach you everything, and Joh_14:25 Joh_14:26 7 Arabic p. 174 he will bring to your remembrance all that I say unto you. Peace I leave you; my peace I give unto you: and not as this world giveth, give I unto you. Joh_14:27 8 Let your heart not be troubled,2 nor fearful. Ye heard that I said unto you, that I go away, and come unto you. If3 ye loved me, ye would rejoice, that I go away to my Joh_14:28 9 Father: for my Father is greater than I. And now I say unto you before it come Joh_14:29 10 to pass, that, when it cometh to pass, ye may believe me. Now I will not speak with you much: the Archon of the world will come, and he will have nothing in Joh_14:30 11 me: but that the world may know that I love my Father, and as my Father charged me, so I do. Joh_14:31 12 And he said unto them, When I sent you without purses, or wallets, and shoes,4 Luk_22:35 13 lacked ye perchance anything? They said unto him, Nothing. He said unto them, Henceforth, whosoever hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise the wallet also: and whosoever hath not a sword, shall sell his garment, and buy for himself a Luk_22:36 14 sword. I say unto you, that this scripture also must be fulfilled in me, that I should be reckoned5 with the transgressors: for all that is said of me is fulfilled in Luk_22:37 15 me. His disciples said unto him, Our Lord, lo, here are two swords. He said Luk_22:38 16 unto them, They are sufficient. Arise, let us go hence. And they arose, and praised, and went forth, and went, according to their custom, to the mount of Olives, he and his disciples. Joh_14:31 Luk_22:39 17