Keil and Delitzsch Commentary - Deuteronomy 15:5 - 15:5

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Keil and Delitzsch Commentary - Deuteronomy 15:5 - 15:5

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This blessing would not fail, if the Israelites would only hearken to the voice of the Lord; “for Jehovah blesseth thee” (by the perfect בֵּרַכְךָ, the blessing is represented not as a possible and future one only, but as one already bestowed according to the counsel of God, and, so far as the commencement was concerned, already fulfilled), “as He hath spoken” (see at Deu 1:11). “And thou wilt lend on pledge to many nations, but thou thyself wilt not borrow upon pledge.” עָבַט, a denom. verb, from עֲבֹוט, a pledge, signifies in Kal to give a pledge for the purpose of borrowing; in Hiphil, to cause a person to give a pledge, or furnish occasion for giving a pledge, i.e., to lend upon pledge. “And thou wilt rule over many nations,” etc. Ruling is mentioned here as the result of superiority in wealth (cf. Deu 28:1 : Schultz).