Keil and Delitzsch Commentary - Deuteronomy 3:15 - 3:15

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Keil and Delitzsch Commentary - Deuteronomy 3:15 - 3:15


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Machir received Gilead (see Num 32:40). - In Deu 3:16 and Deu 3:17 the possession of the tribes of Reuben and Gad is described more fully according to its boundaries. They received the land of Gilead (to the south of the Jabbok) as far as the brook Arnon, the middle of the valley and its territory. הַנַּחַל תֹּוךְ is a more precise definition of אַרֵנֹן נַחַל, expressive of the fact that the territory of these tribes was not to reach merely to the northern edge of the Arnon valley, but into the middle of it, viz., to the river Arnon, which flowed through the middle of the valley; and וּגְבוּל (and the border) is an explanatory apposition to what goes before, as in Num 34:6, signifying, “viz., the border of the Arnon valley as far as the river.” On the east, “even unto Jabbok the brook, the (western) border of the Ammonites” (i.e., as far as the upper Jabbok, the Nahr Ammân: see at Num 21:24); and on the west “The Arabah (the Ghor: see Deu 1:1) and the Jordan with territory” (i.e., with its eastern bank), “from Chinnereth” (i.e., the town from which the Sea of Galilee received the name of Sea of Chinnereth: Num 34:11; see at Jos 19:35) “to the sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea under the slopes of Pisgah (see at Num 21:15 and Num 27:12) eastward” (i.e., merely the eastern side of the Arabah and Jordan). - In Deu 3:18-20 Moses reminds them of the conditions upon which he had given the two tribes and a half the land referred to for their inheritance (cf. Num 32:20-32).