Comp. 2Ti 3:8, and Gal 2:11. This may refer to the occurrences at Ephesus (Act 19:33), or to Alexander's attitude during Paul's trial. The former is more probable. Λίαν greatly, not in Paul, except in the compound ὑπερλίαν, 2Co 11:5; 2Co 12:11. Only here in Pastorals. Mostly in Synoptic Gospels.