Vincent Word Studies - 2 Timothy 4:18 - 4:18

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Vincent Word Studies - 2 Timothy 4:18 - 4:18


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This Chapter Verse Commentaries:

Every evil work (ἐκ ἔργου πονηρου)

Every design and attempt against him and his work. Πονηρός evil cannot be limited to evil on its active side. See on 1Co 5:13. The word is connected at the root with πένεσθαι to be needy, and πονεῖν to toil; and this connection opens a glimpse of that sentiment which associated badness with a poor and toiling condition. The word means originally full of or oppressed by labors; thence, that which brings annoyance or toil. Comp. ἡμέρα πονηρά evil day, Eph 5:16; Eph 6:13; ἕλκος πονηρὸν a grievous sore, Rev 16:2.

Heavenly kingdom (τὴν βασιλείαν τὴν ἐπουράνιον)

The phrase N.T.o. Ἑπουράνιος heavenly only here in Pastorals. Mostly in Paul and Hebrews. Heavenly kingdom, here the future, glorified life, as 1Co 6:9, 1Co 6:10; 1Co 15:50; Luk 13:29. In the same sense, kingdom of Christ and of God, Eph 5:5; kingdom of their Father, Mat 13:43; my Father's kingdom, Mat 26:29; kingdom prepared for you, Mat 25:34; eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, 2Pe 1:11.