Vincent Word Studies - John 3:14 - 3:14

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Vincent Word Studies - John 3:14 - 3:14

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This Chapter Verse Commentaries:

Must (δεῖ)

Must signifies the eternal necessity in the divine counsels. Compare Luk 24:26, Luk 24:46; Mat 26:54; Mar 8:31; Joh 12:34.

Lifted up (ὑψωθῆναι)

The following are the uses of the word in the New Testament: The exaltation of pride (Mat 11:23; Luk 10:15; Luk 14:11). The raising of the humble (Luk 1:52; Jam 4:10; 1Pe 5:6). The exaltation of Christ in glory (Act 2:33; Act 5:31). The uplifting on the cross (Joh 3:14; Joh 8:28; Joh 12:32, Joh 12:34). The reference here is to the crucifixion, but beyond that, to the glorification of Christ. It is characteristic of John to blend the two ideas of Christ's passion and glory (Joh 8:28; Joh 12:32). Thus, when Judas went out to betray him, Jesus said, “Now is the Son of man glorified” (Joh 13:31). Hence the believer overcomes the world through faith in Him who came not by water only, but by water and blood (1Jo 5:4-6).