An onset (hormē). A rush or impulse as in Jam 3:4. Old word, but only twice in the N.T. (here and James). It probably denotes not an actual attack so much as the open start, the co-operation of both Jews and Gentiles (the disaffected portion), “with their rulers” (sun tois archousin autōn), that is the rulers of the Jewish synagogue (Act 13:27). The city officials would hardly join in a mob like this, though Hackett and Rackham think that the city magistrates were also involved as in Antioch in Pisidia (Act 13:50).
To entreat them shamefully (hubrisai). First aorist active infinitive of hubrizō, old verb to insult insolently. See Mat 22:6; Luk 18:32.
To stone (lithobolēsai). First aorist active infinitive of lithoboleō, late verb from lithobolos (lithos, stone, ballō, to throw) to pelt with stones, the verb used of the stoning of Stephen (Act 7:58). See Mat 21:35. The plan to stone them shows that the Jews were in the lead and followed by the Gentile rabble. “Legal proceedings having failed the only resource left for the Jews was illegal violence” (Rackham).