John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 1:1 - 1:1

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John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 1:1 - 1:1


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This Chapter Verse Commentaries:

1Co 1:1. Παῦλος, Paul. The epistle consists-

I. Of the Inscription, 1Co 1:1-3.

II. Of the Discussion; in which we have-

I. An exhortation to concord, depressing the elated judgments of the flesh, 1Co 1:4; 1Co 4:21.

II. A reproof,-

1) For not putting away the wicked person, 1Co 5:1-13.

2) For perverse lawsuits, 1Co 6:1-11.

III. An exhortation to avoid fornication, 1Co 6:12-20.

IV. His answer to them in regard to marriage, 1Co 7:1; 1Co 7:10; 1Co 7:25; 1Co 7:36; 1Co 7:39.

V. On things offered to idols, 1Co 8:1-2; 1Co 8:13 - 1Co 9:27-1Co 10:1 - 1Co 11:1.

VI. On a woman being veiled, 1Co 11:2.

VII. On the Lord’s Supper, 1Co 11:17.

VIII. On spiritual gifts, 1 Corinthians 12; 1 Corinthians 13; 1 Corinthians 14.

IX. On the resurrection of the dead, 1Co 15:1; 1Co 15:12; 1Co 15:29; 1Co 15:35.

X. On the collection: on his own coming, and that of Timothy and Apollos; on the sum and substance of the whole subject, 1Co 16:1; 1Co 16:5; 1Co 16:10; 1Co 16:12-14.

III. Of the Conclusion, 1Co 16:15; 1Co 16:17; 1Co 16:19-20.

-ἀπόστολος Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, an apostle of Jesus Christ) 1Co 1:17.-διὰ θελήματος Θεοῦ, by the will of God) so 2Co 1:1; Eph 1:1; Col 1:1; 2Ti 1:1. His apostleship is said to be “by the commandment of God,” in 1Ti 1:1. This was the principle on which rested the apostolic authority in regard to the churches: and the principle of the zealous and humble mind which characterized Paul himself; comp. Rom 1:1, note. For by the mention of God, human claim to wages (auctoramentum) is excluded, Gal 1:1; by the mention of the will of God, merit on the part of Paul is excluded, ch. 1Co 15:8, etc.: whence this apostle is in proportion the more grateful and zealous, 2Co 8:5, at the end of the verse. Had Paul been left to his own will, he would never have become an apostle.[1]-Σωσθένης, Sosthenes) a companion of Paul, a Corinthian. Apollos is not mentioned here, nor Aquila; for they do not appear to have been at that time with Paul, although they were in the same city, ch. 1Co 16:12; 1Co 16:19. In the second epistle, he joins Timothy to himself.

[1] It is of the greatest advantage to have the will of GOD for our guide. To attempt anything under the guidance of a man’s own will is an undertaking full of hazard, under however specious a name it may be capable of being commended. In the world it readily produces embarrassments, troublesome and very difficult to be got rid of.-V. g.