John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 10:16 - 10:16

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John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 10:16 - 10:16


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1Co 10:16. Τὸ ποτήριον, the cup) The cup is put before the bread; because according to his design [to reprove the eating of meats sacrificed to idols, answering to the bread of the Lord’s Supper], he dwells more on the consideration of the meat, 1Co 10:21; mention is however made of the cup, because it is inseparable from the other element. The interchange of the order here is a proof, that the body of Christ is received separately, not inasmuch as it has the blood accompanying it. In mentioning food more respect is paid to meat, than drink; but in the mystery of redemption the blood is oftener named, than the body of Christ. Hence Paul’s promiscuous arrangement [sometimes the bread, at other times the wine coming first].-τὴς εὐλογίας, of blessing) on that account it is distinguished from a common cup, Mat 26:27.-ὁ εὐλογοῦμεν, which we bless) plural as in we break, supply, we, ministers and believers, each for his own part: comp. ch. 1Co 5:4. All, who bless and break together, enter the more closely into communion.-κοινωνία, communion) This predicate used in the abstract shows that the subject should likewise be taken in the abstract. The cup, which we use, i.e. the use of the cup (comp. Mar 7:30, note). He who drinks of this cup, is a partaker of the blood of Christ; so 1Co 10:18, they who eat. The highest degree of reality is implied: comp. 1Co 10:19, note.-τοῦ αἵματος, of the blood) that was shed. Now, he who is a partaker of the blood and body of Christ, is also a partaker of the sacrifice, that was offered on the cross: comp. 1Co 10:18; a partaker in short of Christ himself; comp. what is put in antithesis to this, 1Co 10:20, at the end.-τὸν ἄρτον) There is a construction similar to this, 1Co 7:17 : and in the LXX., Num 32:4. Τῆς εὐλογίας is here again to be supplied; the bread of blessing.-τοῦ σώματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ, of the body of Christ) of the body delivered up to death for us; comp. the opposite [the antithesis] to this, 1Co 10:20, at the beginning. The body of Christ is also the Church, as in the following verse; but here the very body of Christ is intended, from which the blood is contradistinguished.