John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 10:9 - 10:9

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John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 10:9 - 10:9


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1Co 10:9. Μηδὲ ἐκπειράζωμεν) The compound verb, as in Mat 4:7. The simple verb follows immediately after.-τὸν Χριστὸν, Christ) Paul mentions five benefits, 1Co 10:1-4, of which the fourth and fifth were closely connected; and five crimes, of which the fourth and fifth were in like manner closely connected. In speaking of the fifth benefit, he expressly mentions Christ; and in speaking of the fourth crime, he shows that it was committed against Christ. [See Appendix., P. II., on this passage, where the reading Χριστὸν is defended against Artemonius, Not. Crit.[86]].-ἘΠΕΊΡΑΣΑΝ, tempted) Num 21:5. Christ is therefore God. Comp. Exo 17:2. Often those things which are declared concerning the Lord in Old Testament, are spoken of Christ in New Testament, Rom 14:10-11; and that temptation, by which the people sinned, was an offence peculiarly against Christ, Exo 23:20; Exo 32:34; Isa 63:9; for when they had drunk from that Rock, which was Christ, 1Co 10:4, they yet complained for want of water, Num 21:5. Therefore they were also preserved from the fiery serpents, by raising a serpent on a pole, a type of Christ. As Abraham “saw Christ’s day” [Joh 8:56], as Moses embraced “the reproach of Christ” [Heb 11:26], so the Israelites tempted Christ: and yet the Corinthians could more directly tempt Christ.

[86] Lachm. reads Κύριον with BC, and some MSS. of Memph. Vers. But Tischend., with D(Λ)Gfg Vulg., both Syr. Versions, Memph., Theb., and Marcion, according to Epiphanius (ὁ δὲ Μαρκίων ἀντὶ τοῦ Κύριον Χριστὸν ἐποίησεν), Iren. 264, Χριστόν. This last is the better attested reading therefore. A has θεόν.-ED.