John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 11:3 - 11:3

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John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 11:3 - 11:3


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This Chapter Verse Commentaries:

1Co 11:3. Δὲ, but) On this subject Paul seems formerly to have given no commandment, but to have written now for the first time, when he understood that it was necessary. By the expression, I would, he openly professes his sentiments.-ὅτι, that) Even matters of ceremony should be settled according to the principles of morality, so that they may agree with those principles. It may be said, How does one and the same reason in relation to the head (i.e. of Christ, or of the man) require the man to uncover his head, and the woman to cover hers? Ans. Christ is not seen; the man is seen; so the covering of him, who is under Christ is not seen; of her, who is under the man, is seen.-ἀνδρὸς, γυναικὸς, of the man, of the woman) although they do not live in the state of marriage, 1Co 11:8, and what follows.-ἡ κεφαλὴ, the head) This term alludes to the head properly so called, concerning the condition [the appropriate dress] of which he treats in the following verse. The common word, Principal,[90] is akin to this use of the term head. The article ἡ must be presently after twice supplied from this clause.-κεφαλὴ Χριστοῦ, the head of Christ) 1Co 3:23, 1Co 15:28; Luk 3:23; Luk 3:38; Joh 20:17; Eph 3:9, where God is said to have created all things by Christ, therefore He is the head of Christ.-ὁ Θεος, God) 1Co 11:12.

[90] This word is given as it is in the original. In this form, it is not Latin, but it is probably the German substantive, which signifies head.-T.