John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 15:45 - 15:45

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John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 15:45 - 15:45

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1Co 15:45. Γέγραπται, it is written) Gen 2:7, LXX., ἐγένετο ὁ ἄνθρωπος εἰς ψυχὴν ζῶσαν, man became a living soul. Paul adds other things in accordance with the nature of the contraries [the things antithetical to the former.]-πρῶτος) that is, the FIRST; for the last is in antithesis to it; but in 1Co 15:47, πρῶτος means the former of the two; for it is in antithesis to δεύτερος, the second: and each is there considered, as a model of the rest. ὁ ἔσχατος, the last, in like manner as ὁ δεύτερος, the second, points to Christ, not to the whole human race in its perfect consummation.-Ἀδὰμ) A proper name here; but it is presently after repeated by antonomasia.[143]-ψυχὴν, life-soul) Hence ψυχικὸν living, animal, [natural] 1Co 15:44.-ὁ ἔσχατος, the last) Job 19:25. אחרון, the same as he who is called נאל, as is evident there from the parallelism of the double predicate. Christ is last; the day of Christ is the last day, Joh 6:39. [Christ is a Spirit, 2Co 3:17.-V. g.]-ζωοποιοῦν, quickening) He not only lives, but also makes alive.

[143] Append. The substitution of a proper name for a common name, or vice versa.