John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 5:8 - 5:8

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John Bengel Commentary - 1 Corinthians 5:8 - 5:8

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1Co 5:8. Ἑορτάζωμεν, let us keep the feast) The Vulgate has epulemur, “let us feast:” an apposite expression.-παλαιᾷ, with the old) of Judaism and heathenism. These constitute the genus.-κακίας καὶ πονηρίας) These constitute the species: κακία is vice, the reverse of virtue, and that too, virtue unmixed, or in sincerity, τῇ εἰλικρινείᾳ. πονηρία is in those, who strenuously retain and defend κακίαν, and is opposed, τῇ ἀληθείᾳ, to the truth. Ammonius writes thus: πονηρὸς, ὁ δραστικὸς κακοῦ, he who is disposed TO DO evil;[40] comp. 1Co 5:13. Sincerity takes care not to allow evil to be mixed up with good; truth, not to allow evil to be mistaken for good.

[40] Κακία is the evil habit of the mind: πονηρία, the outcoming of the same. Calvin defines κακία, “animi pravitas,” on Eph 4:32. πονηρός is ὁ παρέχων πόνους. See Trench, Syr. Gr. Text.-ED.