WRITER: Isaiah (Isa_1:1)
Most of the prophets moved in an orbit of obscurity and anonymity. They did not project their personalities into the prophecies they proclaimed. Jeremiah and Hosea are the exceptions to this, of course. Isaiah gives us very little of an historical character concerning himself. There are a few scant references to his life and ministry. In Isa_1:1 he gives “the days” in which his lot was cast. It was during the reigns of “Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.” These were not the darkest days in Judah internally. Uzziah and Hezekiah were enlightened rulers who sought to serve God. But the days were extremely dark because of the menace of the formidable kingdom of Assyria in the north. The northern kingdom of Israel was carried away into captivity during this period.
Isaiah 6 records the personal call and commission of Isaiah. This chapter should come first in the prophecy — logically if not chronologically.
Isaiah 36 — 39 is the historical section, which records the ministry of Isaiah during the crisis when the Assyrian host encompassed Jerusalem.
Beyond these few personal sections, Isaiah stands in the shadow as he points to another Person who is coming.
It is stated by some that Isaiah belonged to the royal family of David. This cannot be positively affirmed.
Likewise, it has been stated that he is referred to in Hebrews
Isa_11:37 as the one “sawn asunder.” This may or may not be true. The liberal critic has sawn him asunder in forging the fake fabric of the Deutero-Isaiah hypothesis. Some have gone so far as to fabricate a Trito-Isaiah. There is not a scrap of documentary evidence beyond the skepticism of the destructive critic. They have cut Isaiah up like a railroad restaurant pie. History presents only one Isaiah, not two or three. This method of the destructive critic could be applied one thousand years hence to prove just as easily that there were three Dwight Eisenhowers:
1st — General Eisenhower, the military leader of the victorious forces of World War II — European theatre.
2nd — President Eisenhower of the United States, elected in 1952 and 1956.
3rd — Dwight D. Eisenhower, the invalid man and victim of a heart attack and a serious operation for ileitis.
We know that only one man by the name of Eisenhower fulfilled all those requirements. Likewise, only one man by the name of Isaiah can easily fulfill all the requirements as the sole author of the Book of Isaiah.
As the New Testament presents the Lord Jesus Christ as its theme, so Isaiah presents the Lord Jesus Christ as his theme. Isaiah has been called the 5th evangelist; the Book of Isaiah has been called the 5th Gospel. Christ’s virgin birth, His character, His life, His death, His resurrection, and His second coming are all presented in Isaiah with definiteness and clarity. (See 1Pe_1:10-11; cp. Luk_4:16-22 with Isa_61:1-4.)
STYLE AND CONTENT:
The prophecy of Isaiah is strikingly similar to the entire Bible, which can be seen in the following comparison:
HELPFUL BOOKS ON BIBLE PROPHECY:
Hoyt, Herman A. The End Times. Chicago, Illinois: Moody Press, 1969.
Pentecost, J. Dwight. Prophecy for Today. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1961.
Pentecost, J. Dwight. Things to Come. Grand Rapids, Michigan:
Zondervan Publishing House, 1958.
Ryrie, Charles C. The Basis of the Premillennial Faith. Neptune,
New Jersey: Loizeaux Brothers, 1953.
Sauer, Erich. From Eternity to Eternity. Grand Rapids, Michigan:
Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1954.
Walvoord, John F. Armageddon, Oil and the Middle East Crisis.
Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1974.
Walvoord, John F. The Millennial Kingdom. Grand Rapids,
Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1959.
Walvoord, John F. The Rapture Question. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1957.
Wood, Leon J. The Bible and Future Events. Grand Rapids,
Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1973.