The tribe of Judah, by God's command, begin to make war against the Canaanites, Jud_1:1-4. Adoni-bezek justly requited, Jud_1:5-7. They take Jerusalem, Jud_1:8; and Hebron. Anak's sons slain, Jud_1:9,10. Othniel subdueth Debir, and so obtaineth Caleb's daughter to wife, Jud_1:11-15. The Kenites dwell in Judah, Jud_1:16. Simeon subdueth Zephath, Jud_1:17; and Judah divers cities of the Philistines, Jud_1:18-20. The Jebusites dwell with Benjamin, Jud_1:21. They of the house of Joseph subdue Beth-el, Jud_1:22-26. Manasseh, Ephraim, Zebulun, Asher, Naphtali, Dan drive not out the Canaanites; for which they are vexed by them, and are left to dwell one among another, Jud_1:27-36.
After the death of Joshua; not long after it, because Othniel, the first judge, lived in Joshua's time.
The children of Israel asked the Lord; being assembled together at Shiloh, they inquired of the high priest by the Urim and Thummim. See Num_27:21Jud_20:181Sa_23:9.
Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first? Being sensible that the Canaanites are troublesome to them, and expected great advantage against them by their heedless condition, and finding their people to increase and multiply exceedingly, and consequently the necessity of enlarging their quarters, they renew the war. They do not inquire who shall be the captain-general to all the tribes; but (as appears by the answer) what tribe shall first undertake the expedition, that by their success the other tribes may be encouraged to make the like attempt upon the Canaanites in their several lots.