Tola judgeth Israel; and Jair, whose thirty sons had thirty cities, Jud_10:1-5. The people’s idolatry, Jud_10:6. The Philistines and Ammonites oppress them, Jud_10:7-9. They cry to God, who sendeth them to their false gods; but upon their repentance pitieth them, Jud_10:10-11. The Ammonites and Israelites encamp against one another, Jud_10:17,18.
There arose; not of himself, but either chosen by the people; or rather, raised by God, as the other judges were. To defend Israel, or, to save, which he did not by fighting against and overthrowing their enemies, but by a prudent and pious government of them, whereby he kept them from sedition, and oppression, and tyranny, as also from idolatry, as may be gathered from Jud_10:6, which if not restrained and purged out, would have brought certain ruin upon them.
In Shamir in Mount Ephraim;
which was in the very heart and midst of the land.