King of Canaan, i.e. of the land where the most of the Canaanites, strictly so called, now dwelt, which seems to be in thee northern part of Canaan. This seems to be of the posterity of that Jabin, whom Joshua slew, Jos_11:10 who watched all opportunities to recover his ancient possessions, and to revenge his own and father’s quarrel upon the Israelites.
In Hazor; either,
1. In the city of Hazor, which though taken and burnt by Joshua, Jos_11:11, yet might be retaken and rebuilt by the Canaanites. Or,
2. In the territory or kingdom of Hazor, which might now be restored to its former largeness and power, Jos_11:10, the names of cities being oft put for their territories, as Zorah, a city, Jos_15:33, is put for the fields belonging to it, Jud_13:2, in which Samson’s parents lived, Jud_13:25Jud_16:31 18:2.
Harosheth of the Gentiles; so called, because it was much frequented and inhabited by the Gentiles; either by the Canaanites, who being beaten out of their former possessions, seated themselves in those northern parts; or by other nations coming there for traffic, or upon other occasions, as Strabo notes of those parts; whence Galilee, where this was, is called Galilee of the Gentiles.