Thou shouldest not have entered, as an enemy, a conqueror, into the gate; by synecdoche, city is meant by gate. The Edomites warring among the Babylonians, did with them enter the gates of conquered Jerusalem, appeared a proud, insulting enemy of Judah.
My people; thou shouldst have remembered that the Jews thy brethren were my people, my peculiar people.
In the day of their calamity; when their city was broken up, their king imprisoned, and captive with his nobles and other subjects.
Thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction, as before, Oba_1:12.
Nor have laid hands on their substance, or strength, the word notes both: Edom seized the persons of the Jews, and made them prisoners, and they plundered the city, seized the goods of the citizens; this they did with delight, but God will punish for it.