The Punishment a Consequence of Idumea's Hostility
v. 10. For thy violence against thy brother Jacob, the two nations being so closely related through their common ancestor, but the Edomites having continued the family feud practically from the time of Esau, shame shall cover thee, so that Idumea would be disgraced before the eyes of the world, and thou shalt be cut off forever, in an extermination demanded by God's will and Law.
v. 11. In the day that thou stoodest on the other side, opposed to his brother Jacob, to the children of Israel, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, probably when the Philistines and Arabians made a raid against Jerusalem, 2Ki_8:20-22, and foreigners entered into his gates and cast lots upon Jerusalem, upon its inhabitants, whom they distributed among them by lot, to sell into slavery, Joe_3:3, even thou wast as one of them, taking the part of the enemies of the Lord's people.
v. 12. But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger, namely, when Edom feasted his eyes upon the misfortunes which befell Judah; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction, when calamity came upon the Lord's people as a result of their estrangement from the Lord; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly, literally, "made great thy mouth," in utter mockeries, in the day of distress.
v. 13. Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of My people in the day of their calamity, with a feeling of satisfaction over their misfortune; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction in the day of their calamity, with a malicious delight, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity, when the enemies plundered the city;
v. 14. neither shouldest thou have stood in the crossway, at the crossroads, where everybody was obliged to pass, to cut off those of his that did escape, either to slay them or to deliver them to the enemies; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress. As a brother of Israel, Edom had the duty of standing by him, and this duty he had not performed.
v. 15. For the day of the Lord, when His punishment would descend upon all His enemies, is near upon all the heathen; as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee; thy reward, what he had earned by his wicked behavior, shall return upon thine own head.
v. 16. For as ye have drunk upon My holy mountain, in the desecration of a drunken orgy, so shall all the heathen, of whom Edom was a type, drink continually, being obliged to drink the cup of the Lord's wrath; yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, compelled to bear His punishment; and they shall be as though they had not been, exterminated by the Lord's judgment. All enemies of the Lord and of His holy Church will eventually feel the heavy hand of His wrath on account of their hostility against that which He has ordained.